Analysis of the Commercial Integration Between Agricultural and Agri-food Industries Sectors in Côte d'Ivoire
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2019, Pages: 144-153
Received: Apr. 8, 2019; Accepted: May 28, 2019; Published: Jun. 13, 2019
Views 590      Downloads 137
Noufou Coulibaly, Management and Applied Economics Department, National Polytechnic Institute Houphouët Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Kone Siaka, Management and Applied Economics Department, National Polytechnic Institute Houphouët Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Yapi Yapo Magloire, Agriculture and Animal Science Department, National Polytechnic Institute Houphouët Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Kouassi Yao Daniel Mardochée, School of Agronomy, Agroeconomy Section, National Polytechnic Institute Houphouët Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Article Tools
Follow on us
According to economic theory, when branches of the agricultural sector and of Agri-Food Industries (AFIs) are strongly integrated, this has the advantage of increasing ripple effect, thereby positively impacting the development of the agricultural sector. Our goal, was to appreciate the degree of integration of the agriculture and AFIs sectors in Côte d’Ivoire. We used the Leontief model as methodology, with the Ivorian economy’s 2013 Supply-Use Table data. This study shows that: The amount of agricultural product, sold to AFIs is estimated at 22.82% of agricultural gross production (AGDP), which represents 38.13% of AFI's intermediate consumption; while the AFIs to Agriculture sales represent only 2.79% of the Agriculture branch’s consumption. This reflects the fact that, the branches of the agricultural sector and of AFIs are poorly integrated. In addition, the weak relationship between them is unilateral in an Agriculture to AFI direction. Any innovation in any of the branches of this AFC will have minor effect on the mutation of the other branches. The weak integration between agriculture and agro-food industry is due to incoherent policies in Côte d'Ivoire, where, for a long time, processing of food agriculture has not been a big concern despite significant post-harvest losses in the sector, and due also to the inappropriate conditions for the emergence of an endogenous industrial fabric. In the light of our results, we made the following suggestions. The Government should develop policies that are consistent with each other, and work towards a healthy business climate. We also suggest encouraging and attracting donors to develop Agri-Food Industry, entrepreneurship and agribusiness. The Government should stimulate and promote a sound integration of training and research institutions with the business world. The Government will need to work towards a technical and financial support program for SMEs. Finally, we suggest the development of research on imported or local products.
Agri-food Industry, Industry Dependence, Branch Integration Level, Value-Added Branch, Intermediate-Consumption Branch, End-Use Branches, Ripple Effect
To cite this article
Noufou Coulibaly, Kone Siaka, Yapi Yapo Magloire, Kouassi Yao Daniel Mardochée, Analysis of the Commercial Integration Between Agricultural and Agri-food Industries Sectors in Côte d'Ivoire, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 144-153. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20190404.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
FAO; ONUDI. (2010). Initiative pour le Développement de l'Agribusinesset des Agro- industries. Vienne & Rome.
FAO. (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition. Rome.
Gérard De Bernis in Emmanuel Martin (2012), L'industrialisation, condition du développement de l’Afrique?
Rastoin, J.-L., & Ghersi, G. (2010). Le systèmealimentairemondial: Concepts et méthodes, analyses et dynamiques. Paris-Versailles, Éditions Quæ.
Noufou, C. (1993). "Stratégie de développement de l’industrie agro-alimentaireen Côte d’Ivoire". Vol. No 30. Sérieconférence. Université Laval, Quebec-Canada.
Koko, K. B. (2013). "Le rôle des Industries Agro-alimentairesdans la croissanceagricole:Cas de la Côte d’Ivoire". U. I. Z. Mémoire:Doctoraten Sciences Economiques.
Leontief, W. W. (1936). Quantitative input and output relations in the economic systems of the United States. Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 18, n°3, p. 105-125.
Akhabbar, A., & Lallement, J. (2011). « Appliquer la théorie économique de l’équilibre général»: de Walras à Leontief. Paris, GRESE.
Yu, Y., Hubacek, K., Guan, D., & Feng, K. (2010). Construction and application of Regional Input-Output Models: Assessing Water Consomption in South East and North East of England. Ecological Economics, vol 69, pp-1140-1147.
Zaoujal, N. (2012). Technique de plannification: Analyse Inpout-Output (modèle de Leontief). Rabat: Cours dispensé à l'Institut National de Statistiqueetd'Economie Appliquée (INSEA) de Rabat.
Institut National de Statistique de Côte d'Ivoire. (2016). Compte de la Nation 2013. Division Comptabilité Nationale: Département des Statistiques et Synthèses Economiques.
Malassis, L., and Ghersi, G. (1992). "Initiation à l'économie agro-alimentaire". Paris: HatierAupelf.
Céline Yolande KOFFIE-BIKPO et Axel Désiré Dabié NASSA (2011) «Evolution des politiques de commercialisation du Vivriers en Côte d’Ivoire», L’Harmattan, 5-7, rue de l’École-polytechnique; 75005 Paris p 1-15.
Ministère de l’Industrie de Côte d’Ivoire (2014), Agence de Promotion des Exportations de Côte d’Ivoire, Projetd’Appui à la Revitalisation et à la gouvernance des PME ”Etude sur la compétitivité des entreprises ivoiriennes” 106p.
Ministère de l'industrie. (2012). "Nouvelle Politique Indistrielle de la république de Côte d’Ivoire."
Ducroquet, H., Tillie, P., Louhichi, K. (2017), «L’agriculture de la Côte d'Ivoire à la loupe: Etat des lieux des filières de production végétales et animales et revue des politiques agricoles».
Ministère de l'agriculture. (2012). "Stratégie de transformation des produits agricoles" Direction de la Valorisation des Produits, Côte d’Ivoire.
Ministère de l’Agriculture (2013), "Stratégie Nationale de Dévelppement des Cultures Vivirières (SNDCV)", DGPSA, P. 167.
Ministère de l'Agriculture et du development rural (2016). Annuaire des Statistiques Agricoles 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016.
Chevassu J. M. (1997), Le modèle ivoirien et les obstacles à l’émergence de la petite et moyenne industrie (PMI), 18p.
CIRES, Cellule d’Analyse de Politiques Economiques (2009) in IOS Partners (2014), Etude sur la Compétitivité des entreprises ivoiriennes, p. 16.
IOS Partners (2014), Etude sur la Compétitivité des entreprises ivoiriennes, 105p.
F.-R. Mahieu, Les Fondements de la crise écotiomique en Afrique, L‘Harmattan, Coll. Logiques économiques B, Paris, 1990. 23. Op. cit., p. 321. 24. Cité par Y.-A. Fauré, op. cit., p. 318.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186