Enhancing Crop Commercialisation for Food Security in Rural Tanzania: A Case of Liwale District
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 207-215
Received: Jun. 22, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 19, 2019; Published: Aug. 5, 2019
Views 246      Downloads 77
Nelson Ochieng, Department of Economics and Social Studies, School of Spatial Planning and Social Sciences, Ardhi University, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study explores the effect of small-scale agricultural crop commercialisation on household food security in Liwale, Lindi. The study used a household survey data from a sample of 389 households that were collected in 2017. The Principal Component Analysis was used to develop the household food security index and the Cluster Analysis was used to assign the individual households to their respective clusters of food security index. The output side measure of commercialisation was used to develop crop commercialisation index, and lastly, the Ordered Logit Model was used to estimate the effect of commercialisation on food security. The average household food security index is 32%. The majority (64%) of the households were moderately food secured with an average food security index of 32.8% while only 16% of households were relatively more food secure than the rest and with average food security index of 49.1%. The average commercialisation of small-scale agricultural crops is 66%. The results from ordered logit estimation show that crop commercialisation, off-farm income, and access to extension services positively affect the level of household food security while credit negatively affects food security. The implication of the findings is that, small local processing factories should be established in rural areas to promote commercialisation, value addition and increase of market access and linkages to reduce post-harvest losses incurred as a result of poor storage technology and perishability.
Agriculture, Commercialisation, Food Security
To cite this article
Nelson Ochieng, Enhancing Crop Commercialisation for Food Security in Rural Tanzania: A Case of Liwale District, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2019, pp. 207-215. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20190405.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018: Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition. Rome, FAO. (2018).
International Food Policy Research Institute. 2017 Global Food Policy Report, Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute. (2017). https://doi.org.10.2499/9780896292529.
United Republic of Tanzania, “Population and housing census: population distribution by administrative areas. National Beural of Statistics: Ministry of Finance, Dar es Salaam-Tanzania”, 2012.
Kiratu, S., Marker, L., and Mwakolobo, A. Food Security: The Tanzanian Case, Series on Trade and Food Security. International Institute for Sustainable Development (2011).
Nakayama, Francis S., and D. A. Bucks, eds. Trickle irrigation for crop production: design, operation and management. Vol. 9. Elsevier, 2012.
The United Republic of Tanzania. Agriculture Sector Development Strategy – II 2015/2016-2024/2025, Dar es salaam, Tanzania.
United Republic of Tanzania. National Agriculture Policy: The Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives, Dar es Salaam, 2013.
The United Republic of Tanzania. National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 – 2020/21.
Abafita, Jemal, and Kyung-Ryang Kim. "Determinants of household food security in rural Ethiopia: an empirical analysis." Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje37.1071-2016-86950 (2014): 129-157.
Hoque, Sonia Ferdous. "Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and fuzzy set theory." Sustainability Research Institute University of Leeds SRI Paper 59 (2014).
Krishnan, Vijaya. "Constructing an area-based socioeconomic index: A principal components analysis approach." Edmonton, Alberta: Early Child Development Mapping Project (2010).
Smits, Jeroen, and Roel Steendijk. "The international wealth index (IWI)." Social Indicators Research 122.1 (2015): 65-85.
Strasberg, Paul J., et al. Effects of agricultural commercialization on food crop input use and productivity in Kenya. No. 1096-2016-88433. 1999.
Joshi, Shareen. "Female household-headship in rural Bangladesh: incidence, determinants and impact on children's schooling." Yale University Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper 894 (2004).
Leavens, M. Kennedy. "Gender and agriculture in Tanzania." (2011).
Johnston, G., Vaupel, S., Kegel, F., & Cadet, M. "Crop and farm diversification provide social benefits." California Agriculture 49.1 (1995): 10-16.
Govereh, Jones, and Thomas S. Jayne. Effects of cash crop production on Food crop productivity in Zimbabwe: Synergies or trade-offs?. No. 1096-2016-88413. 1999.
Food and Agriculture Organization. Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Food Security: Food Security Information for Action, Rome. (2008).
The United Republic of Tanzania. Planning Commission: The Tanzania Development Vision 2025. Dar es Salaam: President’s Office. (1999).
Wagstaff, A., O. O’Donnell, and E. van Doorslaer. "Quantitative techniques for health equity analysis." (2007).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186