Analysis of Resource Management Among Male and Female Cassava Farmers in Fadama III (AF) in Anambra State, Nigeria
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 259-266
Received: Sep. 17, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 22, 2019;
Published: Oct. 29, 2019
Views 443 Downloads 123
Anyikwa Chikezie Friday, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Ezeano Caleb Ikechukwu, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Anunobi Chizoba Pamela, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Umeh Onyebuchi Jonathan, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Anyawu Onwukwe Sixtus, Department of Agricultural Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
This study was conducted to analyze the resource management among male and female cassava farmers in FADAMA III (AF) in Anambra State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling method was used to select a total of 144 (72 men and 72 women) respondents for the study. Structured questionnaire was the primary instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, multiple regression analysis, allocative efficiency model, principal factor analysis, and independent sample t-test at 0.05 level of significant. The study revealed that the mean age of farmers were 43 year for male and 39 years for female. This suggested that farmers are in their active farm age in the study area. Also, the mean farming experience was found to be 17 years for male and 8 years for female. Thus, this is an indication that male cassava farmers were better experienced than their female counter part. Equally, the mean farm size was 2.2ha for male and 1.8ha for female. The significant explanatory variables for the production function for male were stem cutting, fertilizer, capital input, and labour. While that of female were stem cutting and labour only. Both the male and female farmers were inefficient in resource allocation and management.
Anyikwa Chikezie Friday,
Ezeano Caleb Ikechukwu,
Anunobi Chizoba Pamela,
Umeh Onyebuchi Jonathan,
Anyawu Onwukwe Sixtus,
Analysis of Resource Management Among Male and Female Cassava Farmers in Fadama III (AF) in Anambra State, Nigeria, International Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2019, pp. 259-266.
Amos A. P (2013). Allocative Efficiency of Resource Use by Cassava Farmers in Wamba Local Government Area, NasarawaState, Nigeria; Int. J. Econ. Develop. Res. and Investment. 4 (3), pp: 1-12.
Anyanwu S. O and Iyaba, A. G. (2009). Resource productivity and Efficiency among cassava farmers in River State, Nigeria journal of Agriculture, forestry and social science (JOAFSS). 7 (1), pp: 1-11.
Bassey, N. E., Akpaeti, A. J. and Umoh, I. U. (2014). Determinants of Cassava Output among Small scale Farmers in Nigeria: A Survey of Akwa Ibom State Farmers. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, 3 (4); 319–330.
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) (2003). Central Bank of Nigeria, Annual Report and statement of account Lagos, Nigeria.
FAOSTAT (Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics) (2012). Searchable online database from Food and Agriculture Division of the United Nations. Rome, Italy Retrieved 22 November 2017 from http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567#anc
FGN (undated). Nigeria; Review of on –Going Agricultural Development Efforts.
FMARD (2012). Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Score card FMARD mid-term Report January 1, 2013-Decmber 31, 2017.
Girei A. A., Dire B., Yuguda R. M. andSalihu M. (2014). Analysis of productivity and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ardo-Kola and Gassol Local Government Areas of Taraba State, Nigeria; Agric. For and Fisheries. 3 (1), pp: 1-5. DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140301.11.
N. B. S (Nigeria Bureau of Statistics) (2016). Searchable online database from National Bureau of Statistics, Ibadan. Retrieved 2nd November 2017 from www.nigerianstat.gov.ng.
Ndukwu P. C., Nwaru J. C. and Okoye B. C. (2010). Gender and Relative Economic Efficiency in Sweet Potatoe Farmers of Imo State, Nigeria. A stochastic Cost Frontier Approach. The Nigerian Agricultural Journal. 41 (1), pp: 65-70.
Nwaiwu, I., Odii, M., Ohajianya, D., Eze, C., Oguoma, N., Ibekwe, C. H., Adanna, K. F., Amaechi, C., and Oguh, J. (2010). Comparative Analysis of the Productivity of Sustainable Cassava Farming under external and internal input use in Imo State Nigeria. New York Science Journal, 3 (10); 18-25.
Nwaike, M. C., and Ugwumba, C. O. A. (2016). Economic analysis and determinant of profit from seed yam Dioscorea spp. (Dioscoreales: Dioscoreacea) production in South Eastern Nigeria. International journal of Agricultural policy Research (IJAPR). 4 (7), 111-116.
Obasi, P. C., Henri-Ukoha, A., Ukewuike, S. I., and Chidiebere-Mark, N. M. (2013). Factors Affecting Agricultural Productivity among Arable Crop Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 3 (2); 443–454.
Odoemenem, I. U. and Otanwa, L. B. (2011). Economic Analysis of Cassava Production in Benue State, Nigeria. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 3 (5); 406-411, 2011.
Ogundari K. and Brummer B. (2010). Estimating Technical Efficiency, Input substitution and complementary effects using Output Distance Function: A study of Cassava production in Nigeria. Contributed paper presented at the joint 3rd African Association of Agricultural Economics (AAAE) and 48th Agricultural Economist Association of South Africa (AEASA) Conference, Cape Town, South Africa. September 19-23, 2010. 28pp.
Ohen, S. B., Ene D. B. and Umeze G. E. (2014). Resource Use Efficiency of Cassava farmers in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria; J. Bio. Agric. and Healthcare. 4 (2), 126-131pp.
Oladeebo, J. O. and Oyetunde, O. T. (2013). Relationship Between Plot Size andTechnical Efficiency of Cassava farms in Oyo State of Nigeria; A Stochastic Frontier Analysis, Int. J. Current Res. 5 (17); 2782-2786.
Onubuogu, G. C., Chidebelu S. A. and Eboh E. C. (2013). Enterprise Type, Size and Allocative Efficiency of Broiler Production in Imo State, Nigeria. Int. J. Appl. Res. Technol. 2 (6), pp: 10–19.
Onumadu, F. N. and Nwobiala, C. U. (2012). Assessment of youth participation in yam Minisett Technology in Ivo local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. Vol. 3 (3); 45-50.
Osundu, C. K., Ezeh C. I., Emerole C. O and Anyi C. O (2014). Comparative analysis of technical efficiency of small holder Fadama II and Fadama cassava farmer in Imo State. Nigeria Journal of Rural Extension and Development. 8 (1); 26-37.
Simonyan, J. B., Olukosi J. O., Omolehin R. A. and Atala T. K. A. (2012). Productivity and Technical Efficiency among Beneficiary Farmers of Second National FADAMA Project in Kaduna State, Nigeria. American J. of Experimental Agric. 2 (1), pp: 102–110.