Assessment of Horticultural Crops (Vegetables, Tubers & Fruits) Production Constraints and Opportunities in West and Southwest Shewa Zones of Oromia Region, Ethiopia
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2016, Pages: 84-90
Received: Jul. 21, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 30, 2016; Published: Sep. 21, 2016
Views 4090      Downloads 155
Author
Alemayehu Hailu Welderufael, Institute of Agricultural Research, Plant Protection Research Center, Ambo, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Horticulture is the branch of agricultural science that uses technology and marketing strategies to increase vegetables, fruits, flowers and ornamental plants production for human welfare. In Ethiopia, more than 85% of the population depends on agriculture. However, agricultural production is less due to lack of advanced agricultural technologies and yield losses caused by damaging pests, diseases and environmental conditions. Many farmers in west and southwest Shewa zones also depend on agricultural production especially cash crops like fruits and vegetables. The study was conducted in the seven districts producing major horticultural crops and the data collection was done in May 2013. The study districts did not have enough information on horticultural crop cultivation constraints and opportunities. Data on horticultural crops constraints and opportunities were collected based on prepared questionnares with group discussion of farmers and other responsible bodies. The two zones are suitable for growing of various horticultural crops. Farmers are faced a lot of problems such as abiotic (lack of pure planting materials, long chain marketing systems and adverse environmental factors) and biotic factors (fungus, bacterial and insects) on the horticultural crop production.
Keywords
Constraints, Horticultural Crops, Opportunities
To cite this article
Alemayehu Hailu Welderufael, Assessment of Horticultural Crops (Vegetables, Tubers & Fruits) Production Constraints and Opportunities in West and Southwest Shewa Zones of Oromia Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2016, pp. 84-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20160103.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
J. W. Mellor (1976). The New Economics of Growth: A Strategy for India and the developing world. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University Press.
[2]
L. L. Magingxa and A. B. Kamara (2003). Institutional perspectives of enhancing Smallholder Market Access in South Africa. Paper Presented at the 41st Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economic Association of South Africa held in Pretoria. http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/19077/1/cp03ma01.pdf
[3]
X. Diao and P. B. R. Hazell (2004). Exploring Market Opportunities for African Smallholders. 2020 Conference Brief No. 6. Washington D.C., USA, International Food and Policy Institute. http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/73098
[4]
D. Resnick (2004). Smallholder African Agriculture: Progress and Problems in Confronting Hunger and Poverty. DSGD Discussion Paper No 9, Washington D.C., USA, International Food Policy Research Institute. http://www.ifpri.org/publication/smallholder-african-agriculture
[5]
J. Barham and C. Chitemi (2008). Collective Action Initiatives To Improve Marketing Performance: Lessons From Farmer Groups In Tanzania. Collective Action For Property Rights (Capri) Working Paper No. 74. https://www.ifpri.org/publication/collective-action-initiatives-improve-marketing-performance
[6]
G. Anríquez and K. Stamoulis (2007). Rural Development and Poverty Reduction: Is Agriculture Still the Key? ESA Working Paper No. 07-02, Rome Italy, Food and Agricultural Organization. http://www.fao.org/3/a-ah885e.pdf
[7]
World Bank (2008). The Growth Report: Strategies for Sustained Growth and Inclusive Development. Washington D.C., Commission on Growth and Development, World Bank.
[8]
J. Dixon, A. Tanyeri-Abur, and H. Wattenbach (2003). Context and Framework for Approaches to Assessing the Impact of Globalization on Smallholders. In Dixon J., K. Taniguchi and H. Wattenbach edited, Approaches to Assessing the Impact of Globalization on African Smallholders: Household and Village Economy Modeling, Proceedings of Working Session Globalization and the African Smallholder Study, FAO and World Bank, Rome, Italy, Food and Agricultural Organization United Nations. http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5784e/y5784e02.htm
[9]
Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2015). Agricultural Sample Survey in 2014 / 2015. Report on Area and production of Major crops. Available at: www.csa.gov.et.
[10]
EHDA (Ethiopian Horticulture Development Agency), (2011). Exporting fruit and vegetable from Ethiopia. Assessment of development potentials and investment options in the export-oriented fruit and vegetable sector. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. http://legacy.intracen.org/dbms/country/CA_TitleTIS_EK.Asp?ID=42448&DS=OP&CT=262&CTNAME=Djibouti&CTISO3=DJI
[11]
A. Graffham and J. MacGregor (2007). Impact of Eurepe GAP on small-scale vegetable growers in Zambia. Fresh Insights, Number 5. http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/PDF/Outputs/EcoDev/60506FI5_EurepGAPZambia.pdf
[12]
R. W Werge (1977). Potato Storage Systems in the Mantaro Valley Region of Peru. International Potato Center, Lima, Peru.
[13]
R. C. Upadhyaya (2008). Genetics of flowering plants. Anmol publications PVT.LTD. New Delhi-110002 (India). ISBN-10: 8126134283.
[14]
Business Daily Africa (bdafrica.com) (2008). Farmers want middleman kicked out. 9 July 2008.
[15]
A. B. Kamara, B. Van Koppen and L. Magingxa (2002). Economic Viability of Smallscale Irrigation Systems in the Context of State Withdrawal: the Arabie Scheme in the Northern Pronvince of South Africa. Phy. Chem. Earth, 27: 815-823.
[16]
B. Minten, L. Randrianarisson and J. F. M. Swinnen (2009). Global Retail Chains and Poor Farmers: Evidence from Madagascar. World Dev., 37: 1728-1741.
[17]
AfDB (2009). African Development Bank Data Platform, accessed, evelopment http://intranet.afdb.org/portal/page/portal/AFDBPG_Research/02_Statistics/01_D. Data, accessed on 20 December, 2008.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186