Employment and Income Sources: Key Determinants of Off-Farm Activity Participation Among Rural Households in Northern Zambia
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2016, Pages: 91-98
Received: Jul. 28, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 5, 2016; Published: Sep. 29, 2016
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Musaka Mulanga Chikobola, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Moonga Sibusenga, Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Luwingu, Zambia
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The study analysed off-farm activity participation and determinants for rural households in Northern Province of Zambia. The multinomial logit (MNL) model was used in estimating factors influencing the households’ choice of off-farm activity. Secondary data for the 2012 Rural Agricultural Livelihoods Survey (RALS12) from Central Statistical Office (CSO) of Zambia, which used a multistage sampling method, was utilized. Cross sectional data for 1,000 farm households was used in this analysis. The findings shows that 46.40% of the respondents do not combine agriculture with off-farm activities. The age, education, number of adult household members, farm size, cooperative membership and extension service access were key significant determinants of households’ participation into off-farm activities. This shows the need for off-farm activities to be part of rural development policies. The interventions should also be designed to suit the needs and situations of different categories of the households in the study area.
Off-Farm Activities, Determinants, Multinomial Logit, Rural Household, Zambia
To cite this article
Musaka Mulanga Chikobola, Moonga Sibusenga, Employment and Income Sources: Key Determinants of Off-Farm Activity Participation Among Rural Households in Northern Zambia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2016, pp. 91-98. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20160103.17
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