Comparative Analysis of Improved Maize (Zea mays L.) Seeds Adoption on Smallholder Farmers’ Performance in Fako Division, South West Region, Cameroon
International Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 267-274
Received: Oct. 15, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 7, 2019; Published: Nov. 15, 2019
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Fon Dorothy Engwali, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, West Region Cameroon
Lema Yvette Dinga, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, West Region Cameroon
Asafor Henry Chotangui, Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, West Region Cameroon
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This paper describes the socio-economic characteristics of smallholder adopters and non-adopters of improved maize seeds; compares the physical productivity (yield) level of improved maize seed adopters’ and non-adopters’; determines the differences in cost, revenue and gross margin between smallholder adopters and non-adopters of improved maize seeds in Fako division. To achieve these objectives, data were collected from 150 adopters and 150 non-adopters of improved maize seeds and analyzed with the use of descriptive and inferential statistical tools. The results of the study show that maize production is dominated by educated married women (76.67%) with average age of 48 years for adopters and 51 years for non-adopters of improved maize seeds in Fako Division. Results also show that the average family size is 4 persons who rely on agricultural production as their main source of income and have been farming for an average of 17 years for adopters and 21 years for non-adopters of improved maize seed although without any training in maize production. The result of physical productivity (yield) revealed the existence of productivity gap between adopters and non-adopters with a significant (P < 0.001) positive difference of 297.7kg, in favour of adopters. In the same light, a difference in gross margin of 44,329.28 FCFA (Franc de la Communauté Financière l’Afrique) was recorded in favour of adopters of improved maize seeds. Therefore, improved maize seed can be considered as one of the empowerment tools with the potential of boosting farm productivity, increasing farmers’ income, increase food security and welfare of farmers in the long run.
Improved Maize Seeds, Adoption, Smallholder Farmers, Productivity, Performance
To cite this article
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Lema Yvette Dinga, Asafor Henry Chotangui, Comparative Analysis of Improved Maize (Zea mays L.) Seeds Adoption on Smallholder Farmers’ Performance in Fako Division, South West Region, Cameroon, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 267-274. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20190406.13
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