This essay was based on the patient that was admitted to Gondar University referral Hospital in pediatrics main ward with a medical diagnosis of stage III RVI. The main aim of this essay was to explain the rehabilitation care for patients living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS is a chronic infectious disease caused by human immunodeficiency Virus. HIV has distinct characteristics of long period of asymptomatic presentation and finally end up with AIDS manifestation and leads to death. Now a day HIV is considered as a chronic disease due to the introduction of HAART. The HAART intervention helps to long time survivors of the patient and leads to age related CVD and other chronic disease that needs a lifelong rehabilitation care. In the context of HIV, rehabilitation is a continuous process of supportive care that includes both preventive as well treatments. Rehabilitation care covers impairments of physical activity, decrease from social involvement and cognitive impairments. Nursing rehabilitation care for patients living with HIV/AIDS includes self-management education, exercise, nutrition, psychosocial and family support. Patient XY was risk of multiple factors that need rehabilitation care. Among this psychosocial problem, is the prominent one so, nursing profession has indispensable role in this aspect.
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