Sexual Violence and Associated Factors Among Female Students of Preparatory Schools in Modjo and Bishoftu Towns of East Showa Zone, Oromia State, Ethiopia
Rehabilitation Science
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 44-53
Received: Sep. 30, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 30, 2019; Published: Nov. 7, 2019
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Authors
Suraphel Fekadu Mekonnen, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Department of Public Health, Adama, Ethiopia
Sileshi Garoma Abeya, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Department of Public Health, Adama, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Worldwide, the range and magnitude of sexual violence have tremendous negative impact for both the individual and society. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of sexual violence and associated factors among female students of preparatory schools in Modjo and Bishoftu towns from September 1 to December 30, 2018. Institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted. A sample of 323 female students was randomly taken from four preparatory schools. The collected data was entered into Epi Info 7 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Four FGD’s were conducted targeting community representatives and the required sample size was determined based on the saturation of information. The study showed a prevalence of 74% of sexual violence in the study area. Iin the final model, age group of 17 - 18 (AOR: 6.39; 95% of CI: 3.64, 63.12), teacher perpetrator (AOR, 0.37; 95%CI: 0.01, 0.13) and knowledge of ever encountered a person with sexual violence (AOR, 1.21; 95%CI: 1.13, 4.59) was found significant (P<0.05). A significant proportion (74%) of respondent’s experienced sexual violence. Unwelcome touching and ever had sexual intercourse without their consents were the most common types of sexual violence in the study area. Lower age, perpetrator category and knowledge towards sexual violence were associated with sexual violence. There is a need to have systematic and strategic intervention using school based programs to address the full context of female students and others young girl lives, including society, behavioral and environmental factors leading to the problem of sexual violence.
Keywords
Sexual Violence, Unwelcome Touching, Verbal Joking, Forceful Sexual Intercourse
To cite this article
Suraphel Fekadu Mekonnen, Sileshi Garoma Abeya, Sexual Violence and Associated Factors Among Female Students of Preparatory Schools in Modjo and Bishoftu Towns of East Showa Zone, Oromia State, Ethiopia, Rehabilitation Science. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 44-53. doi: 10.11648/j.rs.20190403.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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