An Improved Directed Diffusion Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks
Internet of Things and Cloud Computing
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 44-51
Received: Jul. 19, 2017;
Published: Jul. 19, 2017
Views 208 Downloads 14
Zheng Mingcai, College of Information Science and Engineering, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha, China
Zhao Xiaochao, College of Mathematics and Computational Science, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha, China
Li Kefeng, College of Information Science and Engineering, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha, China
Zheng Jinbing, Forty-Eighth Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, Changsha, China
Follow on us
In order to bring the potential advantages of directed diffusion routing into full play in wireless sensor networks, the minimum hop routing (MHR) protocol based on directed diffusion is improved, and the MLN (MHR based on Lowest Level Neighbors) routing protocol is presented. In the MLN, by limiting the gradient level width of directed diffusion gradient field, the connectivity of logical topology in wireless sensor networks is enhanced, so that the reliability of data aggregation is improved. At the same time, by changing the data-packet forwarding rule of hop-by-hop in the MHR to the rule of data-packet being priority forwarded by the lowest-level neighbors in the MLN, the real-time performance and the energy efficiency of data aggregation are improved on the premise of high data aggregation reliability. The theoretical analysis and simulation results validate that the MLN routing protocol not only enhances the connectivity, but also improves the comprehensive performances of directed diffusion routing in wireless sensor networks.
Wireless Sensor Networks, Directed Diffusion, Gradient Level Width, Connectivity, Network Performance
To cite this article
An Improved Directed Diffusion Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks, Internet of Things and Cloud Computing.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2017, pp. 44-51.
Wensheng Zhang, G Cao, Tom La Porta. Data dissemination with Ring-Based Index for Wireless Sensor Networks [J]. IEEE Transactions on mobile computing, 2007, 6 (7): 832-847.
KOOK-HEE HAN, YOUNG-BAE KO, JAI-HOON KIM. A novel gradient approach for efficient data dissemination in wireless sensor networks [A]. VTC2004-Fall [C], Washington: IEEE Computer Society, 2004, 60 (4): 2979-2983.
ZHENG Ming-cai, ZHANG Da-fang, ZHAO Xiao-chao. Study on behavior characteristics of WSN based on minimum-hop-count routing [J]. Journal of Computer Applications, 2007, 27 (10): 2552-2555.
ZHENG Ming-cai, ZHANG Da-fang, ZHAO Xiao-chao. Study on minimum hop routing in wireless sensor networks simulation [J]. Journal of Computer Applications, 2009, 29 (10): 2627-2731.
Kun Xie, Xin Wang, Xueli Liu, Jigang Wen, Jiannong Cao, Interference-aware Cooperative Communication in Multi-radio Multi-channel Wireless Networks, IEEE Transactions on Computers, 2016, 65 (5): 1528-1542
ZHU Hong-Song, ZHAO Lei, XU Yong-Jun, etc. Multi-Link Cooperative Data Forwarding Protocol Based on Fine-Grain Gradient Strategy [J]. Journal of Software, 2009, 20 (11): 3045-3059.
Hao Xiao-chen, Jia Nan, Wang Li-l, etc. A Topology Control Algorithm of 3D Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Energy Consumption and Robustness Trade-off [J]. Journal of Electronic & Information Technology, 2011, 33 (10): 2358-2363.
REN Yueqing, XU Lixin. Research on Connectivity and Sparseness of Wireless Sensor Network Topology [J]. Chinese Journal of Sensors and Actuators, 2011, 24 (7): 1038-1042.
Üster H and Lin Hui. Integrated topology control and routing in wireless sensor networks for prolonged network lifetime [J]. Ad Hoc Networks, 2011, 9 (5): 835-851.
Kun Xie, Jiannong Cao, Xin Wang, Jigang Wen. Optimal Resource Allocation for Reliable and Energy Efficient Cooperative Communications [J]. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 2013, 12 (10), 4994-5007.
KunXie, Xin Wang, Jigang Wen, etc. Cooperative Routing with Relay Assignment in Multi-radio Multi-hop Wireless Networks [J]. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 2016, 24 (2): 859-872.
YE Jin,Y ANG Jing, SONG Xiaoyan. Cross-Layer Congestion Control Approach Based on Directed Diffusion Routing Protocol in WSN [J]. Chinese Journal of Sensors and Actuators, 2012, 25 (1): 124-128.