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Impact of Internet of Thing in Developing Country: Systematic Review
Internet of Things and Cloud Computing
Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 65-72
Received: Aug. 11, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 4, 2019; Published: Oct. 16, 2019
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Authors
Gizealew Alazie Dagnaw, Department of Information Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Sisay Ebabye Tsige, Department of Information Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The idea to connect everything to anything and at any point of time is what vaguely defines the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT is not only about providing connectivity but also facilitating interaction among these connected things. One of the most significant concerns of IoT is to provide security assurance for the data exchange because data is vulnerable to some attacks by the attackers at each layer of IoT. The IoT has a layered structure where each layer provides a service. The security needs vary from layer to layer as each layer serves a different purpose. This paper aims to analyze the various security and privacy threats related to IoT. Some attacks have been discussed along with some existing and proposed counter measures. In developing countries, IoT technologies have brought increased efficiency and effectiveness to existing processes. For instance, farmers are using remote sensors to monitor moisture levels and soil conditions in the fields to avoid crop failure. Similar sensors are providing remote control of micro-irrigation pumps for example in India and water pumps in Rwanda, improving functionality and reducing repair intervals. And in Haiti, healthcare professionals are using “smart” thermometers to better track vaccine delivery and storage. Totally the paper presents an overview of the enablement of IoT in developing countries and discusses the visions, general applications, opportunities and challenges of IoT in these countries. It also touches on issues relating to security, privacy, trust and the accompanied complexity. The potential applications for IoT are countless and can optimize processes with a direct impact on society. Certain challenges have to be addressed to make IoT deployment successful. It will be shown that some of the challenges can be turned into opportunities and that IoT has good chances to succeed in developing countries. This report explores the current use and potential of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies in tackling global development challenges, highlighting a number of specific instances where IoT interventions are helping to solve some of the world’s most pressing issues it presents summary conclusions on what is required for the IoT to reach billions of people living in the developing world, and also to accelerate income growth and social development as a result.
Keywords
IoT, ICT, Developing Country
To cite this article
Gizealew Alazie Dagnaw, Sisay Ebabye Tsige, Impact of Internet of Thing in Developing Country: Systematic Review, Internet of Things and Cloud Computing. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 65-72. doi: 10.11648/j.iotcc.20190703.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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