Travelling Waves for Finding the Fault Location in Transmission Lines
Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 1, April 2013, Pages: 1-19
Received: Mar. 17, 2013; Published: Apr. 2, 2013
Views 5008      Downloads 1392
Author
Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Al Majmaah University, Riyadh, K.S.A.
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Transmission lines are designed to transfer electric power from source locations to distribution networks. This project investigates the problem of fault localization using traveling wave voltage and current signals obtained at a single end of a transmission line and multi ends of a transmission network. Fourier transform (FT) is the most popular transformation that can be applied to traveling wave signals to obtain their frequency components appearing in the fault signal. The wavelet multi resolution analysis is a new and powerful method of signal analysis and is well suited to traveling wave signals. Wavelets can provide multiple resolutions in both time and frequency domains.
Keywords
Transmission Lines, Wavelet Theory, Fourier Transforms, Fault Analysis, Localisation Of Faults
To cite this article
Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Travelling Waves for Finding the Fault Location in Transmission Lines, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-19. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20130101.11
References
[1]
Lin Yong Wu, Zheng You He, Qing Quan Qian "A New Single Ended Fault Location Technique Using Travelling Wave Natural Frequencies" Chengdu, China, 2009.
[2]
Du Lin, Pang Jun, Sima wenxia, Tang Jun, Zhou jun "Fault location for transmission line based on traveling waves using correlation analysis method"2008 international conference on high voltage engineering and application,chongqing,china,November 9 13,2008.
[3]
Bian Haihong and Xu Qingshan "Study of Fault Location for Parallel Transmissions Lines Using One Terminal Current Traveling Waves" DRPT2008 6 9 April 2008 Nanjing China.
[4]
ZOU Gui bin GAO Hou lei, "Algorithm for Ultra High Speed Travelling Wave Protection with Accurate FaultLocation" 2008 IEEE.
[5]
Magnus Ohrstrom, Martin Geidl, Lennart Soder, Goran Andersson "evaluation of travelling wave based protection schemes for implementation in medium voltage distribution systems" C I R E D, 18 th International Conference on Electricity Distribution, Turin, 6 9 June 2005.
[6]
S. Jamali and A. Ghezeljeh "fault location on transmission line using high frequency travelling waves" The Institution of Electrical Engineers, Iran,2004
[7]
X Z Dong, M A Redfern, Z Bo, and F Jiang " The Application of the Wavelet Transform of Travelling Wave Phenomena for Transient Based Protection" International Conference on Power Systems Transients – IPST 2003 in New Orleans, USA.
[8]
Michael A.street " delivery and application of precise timing for a travelling wave power line fault locator system. This paper describes BPA's fault locator system" IEEE transaction power delivery.
[9]
Qin Jian Chen Xiangxun Zheng Jianchao "Travelling Wave Fault Location of Transmission Line Using Wavelet Transform" IEEE transaction power delivery, China.
[10]
N. C. Pahalawaththa, G. B. Ancell, "maximum likelihood estimation of fault location on transmission lines using travelling waves" IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. Vol. 9, No. 2, April 1994.
[11]
Hathaway Telefault TWS Technical Data Sheet, "Traveling wave locator", H.V. TEST (PTY) LTD,South Africa, Online http //www hvtest co za/Company/PDF/Hathaway/TWSMkIIIBrochure pdf
[12]
T. Takagi, J. Baba, K. Uemura, T. Sakaguchi, "Fault protection based on traveling wave theory, Part 1 Theory", IEEE PES Summer Meeting, 1977, Mexico City, Mexico, Paper No. A 77, pp. 750 3.
[13]
H. Dommel, J. Mitchels, "High speed relaying using traveling wave transient analysis", IEEE PES Winter Power Meeting, New York, Jan. 1978, pp. 214 219.
[14]
T. Takagi, J. Baba, K. Uemura, T. Sakaguchi, "Fault protection based on traveling wave theory. Part 2 Sensitivity analysis and laboratory test", In IEEE PES Winter Meeting, New York City, 1978, Paper No. A 78, pp. 220 226.
[15]
P.A. Crossley and P.G. McLaren, "Distance protection based on traveling waves", IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst. PAS 102 (1983), pp. 2971 2983.
[16]
Y. G. Paithankar and M. T.Sant, "A new algorithm for relaying and fault location based on auto correlation of travelling waves ", Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 8, 2, March 1985, pp. 179¬185.
[17]
E. Shehab Eldin and P.McLaren, "Traveling wave distance protection problem areas and solutions", IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, 3, (1988), pp. 894¬902.
[18]
S. Rajendra, P. G. McLaren, "Traveling wave techniques applied to protection of teed circuits Principle of traveling wave techniques", IEEE Trans PAS, 1985, 104, pp. 3544¬3550.
[19]
S. Rajendra, P. G. McLaren, "Traveling wave techniques applied to the protection of teed circuits Multi phase/multi circuit system",IEEE Trans PAS 1985, 104, pp. 3551 3557.
[20]
D. Thomas, A. Wright, "Scheme, based on travelling waves, for the protection of major transmission lines", IEEE Proc. C, 1988, pp. 63¬73.
[21]
C. Aguilera, E. Orduna, G. Ratta, "Adaptive Noncommunication Protection Based on Traveling Waves and Impedance Relay", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 21, 3, July 2006, pp. 1154¬1162.
[22]
C. Aguilera, E. Orduna, G. Ratta, "Directional Traveling Wave Protection Based on Slope Change Analysis", IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 22, 4, Oct. 2007, pp. 2025¬2033.
[23]
Power System Relaying Committee IEEE Std C37.114 2004, "IEEE Guide for Determining Fault Location on AC Transmission and Distribution Lines", 2005, E ISBN 0 7381 4654 4.
[24]
B. M. Weedy, B. J. Cory, "Electric Power Systems", 4th edition, 1998, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186