Improved Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm for Image Segmentation
Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Dec. 26, 2014; Accepted: Jan. 8, 2015; Published: Jan. 22, 2015
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Authors
Xuegang Hu, College of Computer Science and Technology, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, China; Research Center of System Science, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, China
Lei Li, College of Computer Science and Technology, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, China
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Abstract
In order to preserve more image details and enhance its robustness to noise for image segmentation, an improved fuzzy c-means algorithm (FCM) for image segmentation is presented by incorporating the local spatial information and gray level information in this paper. The modified membership function and clustering center function are more mathematically reasonable than those of the FLICM, so the iterative sequence can converge to a local minimum value of the improved objective function. The new fuzzy factor grants the algorithm a novel balance between robustness to noise and effectiveness of preserving the details. The revised algorithm flow has significantly accelerated the processing procedure. Through these improvements, the experiments on the artificial and real images show that the proposed algorithm is very effective.
Keywords
Clustering, Image Segmentation, Fuzzy C-Means, Local Minimum Value, Gray Level Information
To cite this article
Xuegang Hu, Lei Li, Improved Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm for Image Segmentation, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20150301.11
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