Energy Loss in Solar Photovoltaic Systems Under Snowy Conditions
Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 209-214
Received: Oct. 20, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 1, 2017; Published: Dec. 12, 2017
Views 764      Downloads 130
Authors
Anis Haque, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
Namrata Sheth, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The objective of this study is to quantify the energy loss due to snow on solar photovoltaic systems. Solar photovoltaic systems in cold temperatures have an advantage over warmer regions due to improved efficiencies. However, colder regions generally receive a significant amount of snow, which may hinder the energy output of the photovoltaic systems. For this experimental research, a solar photovoltaic system was set up in Calgary, Canada to analyze and quantify the energy losses due to snow. This research demonstrates a 9% loss in energy yield per year due to snow accumulation in absence of bypass diodes.
Keywords
Effect of Snow, Efficiency, Energy Loss, Performance, Renewable Energy, Snow Accumulation and Melting, Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems, Temperature Effect
To cite this article
Anis Haque, Namrata Sheth, Energy Loss in Solar Photovoltaic Systems Under Snowy Conditions, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 209-214. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20170506.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
N. A. Rahim, N. A. A. Rahim, J. Selvaraj and V. V. Tyagi, "Outdoor performance of solar PV/T air system," in IEEE Conference on Clean Energy and Technology (CEAT), Lankgkawi, Malaysia, 2013.
[2]
Natural Resources Canada, "Photovoltaic potential and solar resource maps of Canada," Canada, 2015.
[3]
Current Results - Weatehr and Science Facts, "Calgary Snowfall Totals & Accumulation Averages," 2016.
[4]
Calgary Weatherstats, "Calgary Historical Snowfall," 2016.
[5]
M. N. Islam, M. Z. Rahman and S. M. Mominuzzaman, "The effect of irradiation on different parameters of monocrystalline photovoltaic solar cell," in 3rd International IEEE Conference on the Developments in Renewable Energy Technology (ICDRET), Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2014.
[6]
The German Energy Society, "PV Classification," in Planning and Instaling PV Systems, Germany, Earthscan, 2008, p. 357.
[7]
S. Sasmita and P. Samantaray, "Performance of solar photovoltaic module under partial shading conditions," in 10th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Systems and Control (ISCO), Coimbatore, India, 2016.
[8]
R. Andrews, A. Pollard and J. Pearce, "The Effect of Snowfall on Photovoltaic Performance," Solar Energy, vol. 92, pp. 84-97, June 2013.
[9]
N. Heidari, J. Gwamuri, T. Townsend and J. M. Pearce, "Impact of snow and ground interference on photovoltaic electric system performance," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1680 - 1685, 2015.
[10]
KYOCERA KD 135 P, SX Series, "Electrical Specifications," KYOCERA Solar Inc.
[11]
Campbell Scientific Inc, "Precision Spectral Pyranometer - Instructor manual," 1992.
[12]
University of Calgary, "University of Calgary Weather Research Station Logger Data Notes," Calgary, 2016.
[13]
S. Dubey, J. Sarvaiya and B. Seshadri, "Temperature Dependent Photovoltaic (PV) Efficiency and Its Effect on PV Production in the World A Review," Energy Procedia, vol. 33, pp. 311-321, 2012.
[14]
B. Li, M. Duell and T. Schuhmacher, "Prediction of PV module nominal operating cell temperature using electromagnetic wave modeling," in IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2010.
[15]
C. Honsberg and S. Bowden, "Solar Radiation on a Tilted Surface," 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/properties-of-sunlight/solar-radiation-on-tilted-surface.
[16]
A. Ahmed and M. Reha, "Optimizing Bangladeshi solar home system efficiency using two-position mount," in IEEE COnference on Developments in Renewable Energy Technology (ICDRET), Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2014.
[17]
R. Bird and C. Riordan, "Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the Earth's surface for cloudless atmospheres," Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, vol. 25, pp. 87-97, 1986.
[18]
I. Baklouti, Z. Driss and M. S. Abid, "Estimation of solar radiation on horizontal and inclined surfaces in Sfax, Tunisia," in IEEE First International Conference on Renewable Energies and Vehicular Technology (REVET), Hammamet, Tunisia, 2012.
[19]
PVSyst Software, "PVSyst Software," 2016.
[20]
Environment Canada, "Annual solar Radiation of Alberta," Chetner and the Agroclimatic Atlas Working Group, 2003.
[21]
A. Haque, "Comparison of 1 MW Grid-Connected PV System and a StandAlone System to Determine Canada’s Potential," IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 91-99, 2016.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931