Study of the Gap Discharge Phenomenon Based on Three-Dimensional Fractal
Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2018, Pages: 146-152
Received: Nov. 10, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 4, 2018; Published: Dec. 28, 2018
Views 652      Downloads 157
Wang Shuai, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing, China
Yin Zelong, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing, China
Gu Liang, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing, China; Energy Internet Research Center, Chongqing, China
Shuai Xiaoxiao, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
The damage of arc to gas insulation protection will affect the safe and stable operation of power system seriously in the field of high voltage insulation. Therefore, it is a great theoretical value and practical significance to study the mechanism of gas discharge and find out the law of gas discharge under different conditions for ensuring the safe and stable operation of power system. In order to study the variation law of arc channel complexity under different voltage levels, this paper adopts the discharging experiment of needle-plate electrode, adds different high voltage to the needle-plate electrode under other conditions unchanged, carries out many experiments, and collects five groups of discharging channel plans of needle-plate gap under different voltage. The are discharge channel image in the experiment is restored to the three-dimensional image from the space angle, and the fractal dimension of arc discharge channel under different voltage pressure is calculated by box dimension method of fractal dimension. The results show that the complexity of discharge channel decreases with the increase of voltage level, that is, the lower the voltage level and the larger the fractal dimension.
Arc Discharge, Needle-Plate Electrode, Three-Dimensional Image, Fractal Dimension
To cite this article
Wang Shuai, Yin Zelong, Gu Liang, Shuai Xiaoxiao, Study of the Gap Discharge Phenomenon Based on Three-Dimensional Fractal, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2018, pp. 146-152. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20180606.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Yang Yousong, Shen Quntai. A New Phase-Shift Full-Bridge Zero-Voltage-Switching PWM Converter [J]. Telecom Power Technology, 2010, 27 (1): 1-3.
Lauri Kumpulainen, G. Amjad Hussain. Preemptive Arc Fault Detection Techniques in Switchgear and Controlgear [J]. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2013, 49 (4): 1911-1919.
Audrey Karperien, Helmut Ahammer, Herbert F. Jelinek. Quantitating the subtleties of microglial morphology with fractal analysis [J]. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, 2013, 7 (3): 1-18.
Ute Ebert, Sander Nijdam, Chao Li, Alejandro Luque, Tanja Briels, Review of recent results on streamer discharges and discussion of their relevance for sprites and lightning [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2010, 10.
EM van Veldhuizen, WR Rutgers. Pulsed positive corona streamer propagation and branching [J]. IEEE Journal of Physics D Applied Physics, 2002, 35 (17): 2169-2179.
M. Fujii, S. Ohmori, J. Maeda and H. Ihori. Development of electrical trees in two-and three-dimensional silicon rubbers. Proceedings of 2005 International Symposium on Electrical Insulating Materials, 2005.
Gu Chen, Yan Ping, Zhang Shichang. Simulation and calculation of dielectric discharge based on Fractal Theory [J]. High Voltage Technique, 2006, 32 (1): 1-4.
Zheng Jianyi, he Wen. Research status of pulsed power technology [J]. Electrical and Mechanica Engineering, 2008, 25 (4): 1-4.
Manabu Tanaka, Yosuke Tsuruoka, Yaping Liu, et al. Investigation of multiphase AC arc behavior by high-speed video observation [J]. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2011, 39 (11): 2904-2905.
Kevin Leu, Geoffrey B. West, Alexander B. Herman. Using fractal geometry and universal growth curves as diagnostics for comparing tumor vasculature and metabolic rate with healthy tissue and for predicting responses to drug therapies [J]. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems. 2013, 18 (4): 1077-1108.
Tripathy. MC, Mondal. D, Biswas. K. Experimental studies on realization of fractional inductors and fractional-order bandpass filters [J]. International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, 2014, 43 (9).
Zhengning Gan. Power & Energy Engineering Conference. Equivalent-Ion Model of the Mixed Gas Discharge [C]. Changsha: Changsha University of Science & Technology, 2012.
Shu Shengwen, Liu Chang, Ruan Jiangjun. Review on Prediction Methods for Breakdown Voltage of Air Gap [J]. High Voltage Apparatus, 2016, 52 (7), 19-26.
Shijun Xie, Xiangen Zhao. A three-dimensional downward leader model incorporating geometric and physical characteristics [J]. Electric Power Systems Research, 2018.
Eva Majkova, Peter Siffalovic, Karol Vegso, Matej Jergel, Stefan Luby. Advanced optical characterization of nanostructures and nanomaterials in the X-ray range [C]. Shanghai: Progress In Electromagnetic Research Symposium. 2016: 1621-1622.
Stallard. G. M., The Hausdoff Dimension Julia sets of Hyperbolic meromorphic functions, Ergodic Theory Dynam. Systems, 2003, II. 20 (3): 895-910.
Huang Gi, Yang Jianhong, ZHANG Rencheng. Feature extraction and experiment of low voltage fault arc images [J]. Low Voltage Apparatus, 2013 (20): 21-23.
Li Junshan, Ma Yin, Zhao Fangzhou, et al. A novel arithmetic of image edge detection of canny operator [J]. Acta Photonica Sinica, 2011 (S1): 0-54.
Noskov M D, Malinovski A S. Modelling of partial discharge development in electrical tree channels [J]. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 2003, 10 (3): 425-434.
Noskov M D, Sack M, Malinovski A S et al. Self-consistent modeling of electrical tree propagation and PD activity [J]. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 2000, 7 (6): 725-733.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186