Copyright Protection for Digital Colour Images Using Dual Watermarking Technique by Applying Improved DWT, DCT and SVD
Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 120-130
Received: Dec. 8, 2015;
Accepted: Dec. 17, 2015;
Published: Nov. 19, 2016
Views 2740 Downloads 75
Lakshmi Priya A., Department of ECE, Global Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
S. Letitia, Department of ECE, ThanthaiPeriyar Government Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
The main objective of the majority of research in Digital Image Watermarking technique is to improve the robustness of attacks.In this paper, a new algorithm has been proposed based on Discrete Wavelet Transform, Discrete Cosine Transformation in association with Singular Value Decomposition for embedding the dual watermark which provides an efficient copyright protection.Here the primary watermark is embedded into the secondary watermark and the resultant image is used as a watermark for the host or cover image. The primary and secondary watermarks are retrieved back by using an efficient watermark retrieving algorithm. During the processes of embedding the scaling factor is varied to improve the quality of watermarked image. In this proposed algorithm the watermarked image is extracted back with same quality, high peak signal to noise ratio and normalized correlation coefficients. The quality of the extracted watermarks is authenticated using Peak Signal to Noise Ratio and Normalized Correlation Coefficient. Compared with previous methods the proposed algorithm has a significantly higher robustness against various geometrical and removal attacks.Nearly 28 attacks like Cropping, Rotating at various angles, Sharpening, Motion Blur, rescaling, resizing and adding noise like Salt and Pepper noise, Gaussian noise, Spackle noise, filters like average filter, median filters are attempted. Even after attempted all such attacks both the watermarks are retrieved back with the same quality and high normalized correlation coefficient.
Lakshmi Priya A.,
Copyright Protection for Digital Colour Images Using Dual Watermarking Technique by Applying Improved DWT, DCT and SVD, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 5,
2016, pp. 120-130.
B. Subramanyan, Vivek.M. Chhabria, T. G. Sankar babu, “Image Encryption Based on AES key Expansion”, IEEE Second International Conference on Emerging Applications of Information Technology, 2011, pp. 217-220.
Vidyasagar M. Potdar, Song Han and Elizabeth Chang, “A Survey of Digital Image Watermarking Techniques”, IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics, 2005, pp. 709-716.
Cahndan Singh, Sukhjeet K. Ranade, “Image adaptive and high-capacity watermarking system using accurate Zernike moments”, IET image process., 2014, Vol. 8, Iss. 7, pp. 373-382.
Musrrat Ali and Chang Wook Ahn, Millie Pant, “An Optimized watermarking Technique Based on DE in DWT-SVD Domain”, IEEE, 2013, pp. 99-104.
J. C. Liu, S. Y. Chen, “Fast two-layer image watermarking without referring to the original image and watermark”, Image and Vision Computing 19(14), 2001, pp. 1083-1097.
Taha Jassim and Read Abd-Alhameed, Hussain Al-Ahmad, “A New Robust and Fragile Watermarking Scheme for Images Captured by Mobile Phone Cameras”, IEEE, 2013.
Cox, IJ, Miller, ML & Bloom, JA 2002, Digital Watermarking, Morgan Kaufmann Publisher, San Francisco, CA, USA.
L. Ying – Hua, Q. Jing, K. Jun, L. Si – Hui, “A robust digital watermarking scheme based on optimal coefficients selector about sub images, wavelet analysis and pattern recognition”, 2007, ICWAPR’ 07, international conference, pp. 1865-1869.
Kundur.D, Hatzinakos.D, “Digital Watermarking using Multiresolution Wavelet Decomposition”, Proceedings IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Seattle, Washington, Vol.5,May 1998, pp. 2969-2972.
Vinita Gupta, Mr. Atul Barve, “A Review on Image Watermarking and its Techniques”, IJARCSSE, 2014, pp. 92- 97.
A. Sverdlov, S. Dexter, and A.M. Eskicioglu, “Secure DCT-SVD Domain Image Watermarking: Embedding data in all frequencies”, Dept. Computer and Information Science, Brooklyn College, City Univ. of New York;http://brocklyn-cuny. academia.edu/ScottDexter/Papewrs/265184.
Lai C C, Tsai C C, “Digital image watermarking using discrete wavelet transform and singular value decomposition”, IEEE Transaction Instrumentation and Measurement 59(11), 2010, pp. 4707-4719.
Zheng Xiong-bo, Zhang Xiao-wei and Sun Ming-jian, “A bling digital watermarking algorithm based on wavelet transform”, IEEE, 2011, pp. 679-682.
R. Liu and T. Tan, “An SVD-Based Watermarking Scheme for Protecting Rightful Ownership”, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 4, no. 1, 2002, pp. 121-128.
Charles Way Hun Fung, Walter Godoy, “A Novel DWT-SVD video watermarking Scheme using side view”, IEEE, 2011.
Cheng-dun Yin, Li Li, An-qiang Lv and Li Qu, “Color Image watermarking Algorithm Based on DWT-SVD”, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics, 2007, pp. 2607-2611.
Barin M, Bartolini F, Piva A, “Multichannel watermarking of color images”, IEEE Transaction on Circuits and systems of Video Technology, 2002, vol. 12, no. 3, pp 142-156.
Gaurav Bhatnagar, Q. M. Jonathan Wu, Balasubramanian Raman, “A new robust adjustable logo watermarking scheme” Computer Security 3I, 2012, pp. 40-58.
Podilchuk C I, Zeng W, “Image adaptive watermarking using visual models, IEEE J Select Areas Commun, 1998, pp.525-539.
Ganic E, Eskicioglu A. M, “Robust DWT-SVD domain image watermarking: embedding data in all frequencies”, Proc. of the ACM Multimedia and Security workshop, 2004, pp. 166-174.
Song C, Sudirman S, Merabti M, “A robust region-adaptive dual image watermarking technique”, J. Vis. Commun. Image R. 23, 2012, pp. 549-568.
Makbol N. M, Khoo B. E, “Robust blind image watermarking scheme based on Redundant Discrete Wavelet Transform and Singular Value Decomposition”, Int. J. Electron. Commun. (AEU)., 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aeue.2012.06.008.
Rastegar S, Namazi F, Yaghmaie K, Aliabadian A, “Hybrid watermarking algorithm based on Singular Value Decomposition and Radon transform”, Int. J. Eletron. Commun. (AEU) 65, 2011, pp. 658-663.
Chunlin Song, Sud Sudirman, Madjid Merabti, “A robust region–adaptive dual image watermarking technique”, J. Vis. Commun. Image R. 23, 2012, pp. 549-568.
Musrrat Ali, Chang Wook Ahn, Patrick Siarry, “Differential evolution algorithm for the selection of optimal scaling factor in image watermarking”, Engg. Application of Artificial Intellignce. 31, 2014, pp. 15-26.
Didi Rosiyadi and Shi-Jinn Horng, Pingzhi Fan, Xian Wang, Muhammad Khurram Khan and Pan Yi, “Copyright Protection for E-Government Document Images”, Published by the IEEE Computer Society, 2012 IEEE.
Niu Xiamu, Lu Zheming, Sun Shenghe, “Digital watermarking of still images with gray-level digital watermark”, IEEE Transaction on Consumer Electronics, 2000, pp.1995-1998.
Huang Jianyong, Yang Changsheng, “Image Digital Watermarking Algorithm Using Multiresolution Wavelet Transform”, IEEE International Conference on System Man and Cybernetics, 2004, pp.2977-2982.
A. Sverdlov, S. Dexter, A. M. Eskicioglu, “Robust DCT-SVD domain image watermarking for copyright pretection: embedding data in all frequencies”, EUSIPCO2005, Antalya, Turkey, Sep-2005.