Analytical Performance and Characterization of a Quartz Crystal Microbalance for the Detection of Cu(II) Ions in Water
Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 103-108
Received: Oct. 20, 2016;
Published: Oct. 20, 2016
Views 3707 Downloads 149
Chi-Yen Shen, Department of Electrical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Roan Yeh, Department of Electrical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Mei-Hui Chung, Office of Library and Information Services, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Rey-Chue Hwang, Department of Electrical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
A novel quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor based on combining phosphate-modified dendrimer and ionophore has been developed for the determination of Cu(II) ions. The performance of the developed QCM sensor was evaluated based on frequency data and experimental results evidently indicated that the prepared sensor could be sensitive for the determination of Cu(II) ions in water. The obtained QCM sensor presents good selectivity monitoring of Cu(II) ions, short response time (40 s), and wide linear range (0.01-100 μM).
Analytical Performance and Characterization of a Quartz Crystal Microbalance for the Detection of Cu(II) Ions in Water, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 5,
2016, pp. 103-108.
G. Z. Sauerbrey, “Use of quartz crystal vibrator for weighting thin films on a microbalance,” Z. Phys., vol. 155, 1959, pp. 206-22.
K. K. Kanazawa and J.G. Gordon, “Frequency of a quartz microbalance in contact with liquid,” Anal. Chem., vol. 57, 1985, pp. 1770-1771.
K. N. Huang, C. Y. Shen, S. H. Wang, and C.H. Hung, “Development of QCM-based immunosensor for detecting alpha-fetoprotein,” Instrumentation Science & Technology, vol. 44, 2013, pp. 311-324.
Y.G. Lee and K. S. Chang, “Application of a flow type quartz crystal microbalance immunosensor for real time determination of cattle bovine ephemeral fever virus in liquid,” Talanta, vol. 65, 2005, pp. 1335-1342.
J. Park, S. Kurosawa, H. Aizawa, S. Wakida, S. Yamada, and K. Ishihara, “Comparison of stabilizing effect of stabilizers for immobilized antibodies on QCM immunosensors,” Sensor Actuat. B, vol. 91, 2003, pp. 158-162.
T. M. P. Hewa, G. A. Tannock, D. E. Mainwaring, S. Harrison, and J. V. Fecondo, “The detection of influenza A and B viruses in clinical specimens using a quartz crystal microbalance,” J. Virol. Methods, vol. 162, 2009, pp.14-21.
H. Zeng, H. Wang, F. P. Chen, H. Y. Xin, G. P. Wang, L. Xiao, K. Song, D.S. Wu, Q. He, and G. L. Shen, “Development of quartz-crystal-microbalance-based immunosensor array for clinical immunophenotyping of acute leukemias,” Anal Chem., vol.351, 2006, pp. 69-76.
W.C. Tsai and I.C. Lin, “Development of a piezoelectric immunosensor for the detection of alpha-fetoprotein,” Sens. Actuators B, vol. 106, 2005, pp. 455-460.
S. Kurosawa, J.W. Park, H. Aizawa, S. Wakida, H. Tao, and K. Ishihara, “Quartz crystal microbalance immunosensors for environmental monitoring,” Biosens. Bioelectron, vol. 22, 2006, pp. 473-481.
P. B. Tchounwou, C.G. Yedjou, A.K. Patlolla, and D.J. Sutton, “Heavy Metals Toxicity and the Environment,” Molecular, Clinical and Environmental Toxicology, vol. 101, 2012, pp. 133-164.
O. Zagurskaya-Sharaevskaya and I. Povar, “Determination of Cu (II) ions using sodium salt of 4-phenylsemicarbazone 1,2- naphthoquinone-4-sulfonic acid in natural and industrial environments,” Ecological Processes, vol. 4, 2015, pp. 1-5.
M. Qadir, M. S. Javier, and J. Blanca, “Environmental risks and cost-effective risk management in wastewater use systems,” In: Wastewater, Springer, Netherlands, 2015, pp. 55-72.
B. Hasan, A. Abbas, S.T. Mohammad, and K. Hosein, “Preparation and characterization of magnetic nanocomposite of Schiff base/silica/magnetite as a preconcentration phase for the trace determination of heavy metal ions in water, food and biological samples using atomic absorption,” Talanta, vol. 97, 2012, pp. 87-95.
S. Pande, “Analytical applications of room-temperature ionic liquids: A review of recent efforts,” Anal. Chim. Acta, vol. 556, 2006, pp. 38-45.
A.K. Malik, V. Kaur, and N. Verma, “A review on solid phase microextraction-high performance liquid chromatography as a novel tool for the analysis of toxic metal ions,” Talanta, vol. 68, 2006, pp. 842-849.
J.S. Becker, M. Zoriy, A. Matusch, B. Wu, D. Salber, C. Palm, and J.S. Becker, “Bioimaging of metals by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry,” Mass Spectrom. Rev., vol. 29, 2010, pp. 156-175.
D. Heitkemper, J. Creed, J. Caruso, and F.L. Fricke, “Speciation of arsenic in urine using high-performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric detection,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom., vol. 4, 1989, pp. 279-284.
V. Chandrasekhar, S. Das, R. Yadav, S. Hossain, R. Parihar, G. Subramaniam, and P. Sen, “Novel chemosensor for the visual detection of copper (II) in aqueous solution at the ppm level,” Inorg Chem., vol. 51, 2012, pp. 8664-8666.
X. Guo, Y. Yun, V. N. Shanov, H. B. Halsall, and W. R. Heineman, “Determination of trace metals by anodic stripping voltammetry using a carbon nanotube tower electrode,” Electroanal., vol. 23, 2011, pp. 1252-1259.
R.S. Freire and L.T. Kubota, “Application of self-assembled monolayer-based electrode for voltammetric determination of copper,” Electrochim. Acta, vol. 49, 2004, pp.3795-3800.
E. Chow, E. L. S. Wong, T. Böcking, Q.T. Nguyen, D.B. Hibbert, and J. J. Gooding, “Analytical performance and characterization of MPA-Gly-Gly-His modified sensors,” Sens. Actuators B, vol. 111-112, 2005, pp. 540-548.
Z. Zhang, Z. Chen, C. Qu, and L. Chen, “Highly sensitive visual detection of copper ions based on the shape-dependent LSPR spectroscopy of gold nanorods,” Langmuir, vol. 30, 2014, pp. 3625–3630.
M. Ghaedi, F. Ahmadi, and A. Shokrollahi, “Simultaneous preconcentration and determination of copper, nickel, cobalt and lead ions content by flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 142, 2007, pp. 272-278.
G. R. Newkome and C. D. Shreiner, “Poly(amidoamine), polypropylenimine, and related dendrimers and dendrons possessing different 1-2 branching motifs: an overview of the divergent procedures,” Polymer, vol. 49, 2008, pp. 1-173.
M. W. P. L. Baars and E. W. Meijer, “Host-guest chemistry of dendritic molcules, Topics in Current Chemistry”, vol. 210, 2000, New York, USA, Springer, p. 318.
I. Grabchev, D. Staneva, S. Dumas, and J. M. Chovelon, “Metal ions and protons sensing properties of new fluorescent 4-N-methylpiperazine-1, 8-naphthalimide terminated poly(propyleneamine) dendrimer,” J. Mol. Struct., vol. 999 2011, pp. 16-21.
S. H. Wang, C. Y. Shen, Y. M. Lin, and J. C. Du, “Piezoelectric sensor for sensitive determination of metal ions based on the phosphate-modified dendrimer,” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 25, 2016, pp. 085018 (8pp).
L. Rodriguez-Pardo, J. Fariña, C. Gabrielli, H. Perrot, and R. Brendel “Resolution in quartz crystal oscillator circuits for high sensitivity microbalance sensors in damping media,” Sens. Actuators B, vol. 103, 2004, pp. 318-324.
X. M. Du, S. H. M Chiu, D. H. C Ong, R. Vellaisamy, and M. H. W Lam, “Metal ion-responsive photonic colloidal crystalline micro-beads with electrochemically tunable photonic diffraction colours,” Sens. Actuators B, vol. 223, 2016, pp. 318-323.
C. Y. Shen, Y. M. Lin, and R. C. Hwang, “Detection of Cu(II) ion in water using a quartz crystal microbalance,” Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 4, 2016, pp. 13-17.
Z. P. Yang and C. J. Zhang, “Designing of MIP-based QCM sensor for the determination of Cu(II) ions in solution,” Sens. Actuators B, vol. 142, 2009, pp. 142-210.