Natural Dynamics of Multi-Species Flowering Annuals in Tropical Landscape
Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 28-33
Received: Jan. 18, 2018; Accepted: May 2, 2018; Published: May 28, 2018
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Hanim Ahmad, Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Malaysia
Hamdan Mohd Noor, Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Malaysia
Zulhazmi Sayuti, Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Malaysia
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This study investigate the growth performance and the dynamic community of multi-species annual flowers in tropical landscape. The multi-species plant community produce an attractive colour of flowers according to their flowering peak of each species that have been tested. At the first growth cycle, the earliest species to bloom were Gomphrena globosa and Zinnia elegans which took 8 weeks after seed were sown. Meanwhile, Cosmos spp and Tithonia rotundifolia were the late species to bloom which took 14 weeks after seeds were sown. At the second growth cycle, the multi-species annual plants bloom much earlier which is only 3 weeks after pruning. The mean plant height and dry weight of several species on both growth cycles show a significant difference (P<0.05). Cosmos sulphureus and Cosmos caudatus recorded maximum heights on both growth cycles with C. sulphureus recording a maximum dry weight of about 172.5 gm/plant in the first growth cycle. Overall, the established multi-species plant community developed, had a lifespan of 5- 6 months in each growth cycle. The second growth cycle plant community was formed through self-sowing and vegetative part after pruning.
Natural Dynamic, Landscape, Multi-Species, Flowering Annuals
To cite this article
Hanim Ahmad, Hamdan Mohd Noor, Zulhazmi Sayuti, Natural Dynamics of Multi-Species Flowering Annuals in Tropical Landscape, Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 28-33. doi: 10.11648/j.larp.20180302.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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