Sewage Waste Water Characteristics and Its Management in Urban Areas- A Case Study at Pagla Sewage Treatment Plant, Dhaka
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 13-16
Received: May 17, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 3, 2017;
Published: Jul. 14, 2017
Views 1071 Downloads 82
Masud Hassan, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Rakib Hassan, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md Anik Mahmud, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Husna Israt Pia, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md Arafat Hassan, Department of Geography and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
MJ Uddin, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Follow on us
The quick growth of the population, land use changed, and the industrial boom has carried huge problems of the environment of Dhaka city, Bangladesh especially on sewage waste water management. Waste treatment in developing countries like Bangladesh is a major anxiety and has become puzzling for various unfavorable conditions. Sewage Waste water management has a direct impact on the urban ecosystems, agriculture and river system. Insufficient education and little economic perspective are causing difficulties in implementing advanced treatment methods. Similar to other developing countries, Bangladesh is also facing numerous water-related problems in the urban region. The waste water of Dhaka city was collected and analyzed in the laboratory before and after the treatment. The present investigation was conducted to monitor the characteristic of the waste water, and its usability in different purposes like Irrigation, Aquaculture and drinking purposes. It is obvious from the results that, the current situation of treated water is not promising especially in N, P, Fe and Mn concentration for using as Aquaculture and Drinking Purposes. Although, the treated waste water can be used as Irrigation water and discharge into river without any further treatment.
Sewage Waste Water Treatment, Physical & Chemical Properties, Heavy Metals, Water Quality, Water Management
To cite this article
Md Anik Mahmud,
Husna Israt Pia,
Md Arafat Hassan,
Sewage Waste Water Characteristics and Its Management in Urban Areas- A Case Study at Pagla Sewage Treatment Plant, Dhaka, Urban and Regional Planning.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2017, pp. 13-16.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Van der Hoek, W., et al., 2004. A Frame Work for a Global Assessment of the Extent of Waste water Irrigation: The Need for a Common Waste water Typology. International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Bierstalpad.
CIA (2016) Central Intelligence Agency, United Sates of America, The World Fact book. [Online] Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/geos/bg.html [Accessed 14 May 2016].
Kumar N. J. and Krishnamoorthi, K. P. (1983) Evaluation of toxicity of ammoniacal fertilizer Effluents. Environ. Pollution series A, Ecological and Biological. 30: 76-86.
Haq A. K., (2006) Water management in Dhaka. Water Resources Development, 22(2), pp. 291-311.
Jackson, M. L. (1967) Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, N. J. USA, pp. 227-261.
Page A. L., Miller R. H. and Keeney D. R. (1982) Methods of Soil Analysis (ed.), Part 2. Am. Soc. Agron. Soil Sci. Am. Madison, Wis. USA, pp. 159-446.
Brady N. C. and Well R. R. (2002) the Nature and Properties of Soils. 13th ed. Pearson Education, Inc. New Delhi, India, pp. 261-269.
Asano T., Burto F. L., Leveren H. L., Suchihashi R. and Tchobanoglous G. (2003) “Waste water Engineering Treatment and Reuse,” 4th Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 2003.
Peavy H. S., Rowe D. R. and Tchobanoglous, G (1985). Environmental Engineering. McGraw Hill, New York, pp. 14-56.
Pescod, M. B. (1992). Waste water Treatment and Use in Agri-culture. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Irrigation and Drainage Paper, p. 73.
Lester J. (1987) Heavy Metals in Waste water and Sludge Treatment Process. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, pp. 1-40.
WHO Guidelines for drinking water Quality, set up in Geneva, 1993, are the international reference point for standard setting and drinking water safety.
Davis J. (1993). Survey of Aquaculture effluents permitting and 1993 standards in the South. Southern Regional Aquaculture Centre, SRAC publication no 465 USA, 4PP.
Water quality standards for coastal waters marine outfallsepa, 1986 [GSR 7, dated Dec. 22, 1998.
Imamul Huq S. M., and Alam M. D. (2005). A Handbook on Analyses of Soil, Plant and Water. BACER-DU, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 246pp. 239.
Page A. L. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis(Ed). Part 2. Am. Soc. Agron-Soil Sci. Soc, Am. Madison. Wis U.S.A. pp. 159-575.
FAO (1985). Water Quality for Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.
Lloyd R. (1992). Pollution and Freshwater fish. Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd. pp. 3-75.