Cameroon-Nigeria Border Conflict Incidence on Trade Patterns and Dynamics Within Near-Border Settlements of the Bakassi Peninsula, Cameroon
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 11-19
Received: Sep. 27, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 14, 2017; Published: Jan. 19, 2018
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Authors
Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Catholic University of Cameroon, Bamenda, Cameroon
Zephania Nji Fogwe, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon
Nebota Catherine Mende, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon
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Abstract
Historicity, geo-strategic and economic bearing has snatched the discourse on border environments from contemporary geographical literature. Yet, these environments have stoutly become hotspots for violent expression of conflicting entitlements to natural resources and socio-economic opportunities. The Bakassi Peninsula at West Africa’s lone gulf (of Guinea) which replicates par excellence, the combination of resource-space tussle and conflicting territorial claims and resolution approaches between Nigeria and Cameroon, has unravelled major trends and dynamics of commercial activities for communities within the area. Within this politically hotbed peninsula is Ekondo Titi, a commercial hub undergoing significant dynamics in the periods before, during and after the Bakassi Crisis, laid to rest by the Green Tree Accord whose political palliative was no economic panacea to the quantitative and qualitative trade responses in the area especially on the Cameroonian side. This study purposively sampled 100 respondents involving traders, farmers, council workers and other stakeholders in Ekondo Titi of Cameroon. A chi square analysis at 0.05 level of significance with a degree of freedom of 9, portrayed a significant association between commercial sector dynamics and border insecurity in Ekondo Titi especially as trade patterns assumed a three period pendula-like mood. Post crisis trends reveal an increasingly unaccounted and unofficial cash crop trade outflow towards Nigeria in the dearth of practicable road transport infrastructure, warehouses/storage tanks, and other domestic marketing infrastructure. Post crisis trade management exhibits the need for the government of Cameroon to set in robust confidence building measures while drastically enhancing on the transport and market infrastructure.
Keywords
Crops, Border, Ekondo Titi, Commerce
To cite this article
Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Zephania Nji Fogwe, Nebota Catherine Mende, Cameroon-Nigeria Border Conflict Incidence on Trade Patterns and Dynamics Within Near-Border Settlements of the Bakassi Peninsula, Cameroon, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018, pp. 11-19. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20180301.13
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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