Vulnerability Assessment of Cyclonic Hazards in Coastal Region of Bangladesh
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 34-43
Received: Mar. 13, 2018;
Accepted: Mar. 28, 2018;
Published: Apr. 26, 2018
Views 615 Downloads 41
Md. Sohel Rana, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Md. Abu Saeed Al Azad, Department of Planning, Development Design Consultants (DDC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Jahidul Islam, Department of Social Work, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Follow on us
The aim of this study is to identify the hazards that are associated with cyclone and to prepare hazard maps with various intensity (low, medium and high) through questionnaire survey and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) method in Paikgacha Upazilla of Khulna District is a major cyclone prone area of Bangladesh. The collected data reveals that salinity, water logging, embankment erosion, tidal surge and storm surge are the major cyclonic hazards and have adverse effects on agriculture, structure, occupational pattern, consumption pattern and service facilities of that area. As a result, vulnerability assessment has done to identify the most vulnerable sector by the impacts of multi-hazard using Weighted Index method. The analysis of the data shows that structural sector (24%) is more vulnerable compared to other sectors. Because, the housing condition is not much better condition in terms of construction material and technology. During cyclone period heavy wind speed and storm sure damage and destroy the housing roof and wall. On the other side, occupational pattern (23%) reflects as second rank vulnerable sector in the study area. This research helps to mitigate risks by hazard mapping and plays an important role in recovery strategies against multi-hazards risks of cyclone.
Bangladesh, Coastal Region, Cyclone, Hazard, Vulnerability
To cite this article
Md. Sohel Rana,
Md. Abu Saeed Al Azad,
Md. Jahidul Islam,
Vulnerability Assessment of Cyclonic Hazards in Coastal Region of Bangladesh, Urban and Regional Planning.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2018, pp. 34-43.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Wisner, B. P. B., Cannon, T., and Davis, I. (2004). “At risk: Natural hazards, people‘s vulnerability and disasters (2nd ed.)”. London and New York: Routledg.
Dube, S. K., Chittibabu, P., Sinha, P. C., Rao, A. D., and Murty, S. T. (2004). “Numerical Modelling of Storm Surge in the Head of Bay of Bengal Using Location Specific Model”. Natural Hazards, pp: 437-453.
Ali, A. (1999). “Climate change impacts and adaptation assessment in Bangladesh”. Climate Res., Vol. 12, pp: 109–116.
Nicholls, R. J. N., Mimura, N., and Topping, J. C. (1995). “Climate change in South and South–East Asia: some implications for coastal areas”. Journal of Global Environmental Eng., Vol. 1, pp:137–154.
Paul, B. K. (2009a). “Why relatively fewer people died? The case of Bangladesh’s cyclone sidr”. Journal of Natural Hazards, Vol. 50 (2), pp: 289–304.
Mian, S. M. (2005). ‘‘Generating Sustainable Employment in the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh: Present situation and future potentials’’. Working paper WP042, Program Development office for Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Dhaka.
Islam, R. M. (2008). “Towards institutionalization of global ICZM efforts. In: Krishnamurthy RR (ed.) Integrated coastal zone management”. Research Publishing Services, Singapore, pp: 23.
Department of Disaster Manaement (DDM)., (na). “Disaster Management Manual”. Government of West Bengal, India.
Rahman, M. R. (2010). “Impact of Riverbank Erosion Hazard in the Jamuna Floodplain Areas in Bangladesh”. J. Sci. Foundation, Vol. 8 (1&2), pp: 55-65.
Shamsuddoha, M., Chowdhury, R. K. (2007). “Climate change impact and disaster vulnerabilities in the coastal areas of Bangladesh”. COAST Trust, Dhaka.
Hossain, M. M. (2012). “Strom surges and coastal erosion in Bangladesh – State of the system, climate change impacts and ‘low regret’ adaptation measures”. Franzius-Institute of Hydraulic, Waterways and Coastal Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodetic Science, Germany.