Spatial Characteristics and Migration Mechanism of Population Suburbanization in Chinese Big City
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 73-79
Received: Sep. 16, 2018;
Published: Sep. 18, 2018
Views 1047 Downloads 95
Qin Xianhong, School of Public Administration, Hohai University, Nanjing, China; Population Institute, Hohai University, Nanjing, China
Urban spatial expansion and population suburbanization are very common after urban growth to a certain stage, and also an important research topic of human geographer. Chinese cities have experienced unprecedented growth since the lunch of reforms in the late 1990s. Studies have found that the leading cities in China such as Beijing and Shanghai are undergoing the process of suburbanization, while the country as a whole is still at the stage of urbanization. However, it is difficult to judge whether suburbanization has happened by the traditional method. In this paper, the graphic analysis method is introduced to analyze the spatial distribution of population in big cities, and the migration analysis method is introduced to analyze the source of new population. The results show that: with the rapid urbanization and population growth, the urban population distribution area in Chinese big cities is expanding very much; Inner suburbs are the fastest population growth areas, expanding continuously as circles, and the newly increased people mainly are migrants from the central city and intraprovincial urban people; Outer suburbs reflect unbalanced population growth as a leap-frogging, with faster rates at locations of county/district governments and prioritized development districts, and the newly increased people mainly are interprovincial rural people. It is the general spatial model of population growth in the suburbs of big cities in China, which is obviously different from those in western countries.
Spatial Characteristics and Migration Mechanism of Population Suburbanization in Chinese Big City, Urban and Regional Planning.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2018, pp. 73-79.
Aguilar AG. Mexico City growth and regional dispersal: the expansion of largest cities and new spatial forms. Habital Intl, 1999, 23, 391-412.
Makse H A, Havlin S, Stanley H E. Modeling urban growth pattern. Nature, 1995, 377 (6550), 608-612.
Yeh AG, Li X. Economic development and agricultural land loss in the Pearl River Delta, China. Habitat Int. 1999, 23 (3), 373-390.
Xie Y, Yu M, Tian G. et al. Socio-economic driving forces of arable land conversion: a case study of Wuxian City, China. Global Environ Change, 2005, 15 (3), 238-252.
Luo J, Wei YH. Population distribution and spatial structure in transitional Chinese cities: A Study of Nanjing. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2006, 47(5), 585-603.
Stole J, Thomas B. Reining in Urban Sprawl. Environment, 1999, 41, 29-33.
Carlino GA. From centralization to decentralization: People and jobs spread out. Business Review, 2000, 11(12), 15-27.
McDonald J F. Employment subcenters and subsequent real estate development in suburban Chicago. Journal of Urban Economics, 2000, 48, 135-157.
Zhou CS, Xu XQ. Population distribution and its change in Guangzhou city. Chinese Geographical Science, 1998, 3(8), 193-203.
Wang F, Zhou Y. Modeling urban population densities in Beijing (1982-1990): suburbanization and its causes. Urban Studies, 1999, 36, 271-288.
Zhang SY. The recent dramatic changes in population distribution of Shanghai Municipality. Population Research, 1999, 23(5), 16-25.
Shen JF，Wang GX. On the model of population distribution，changes and tendency of central city of Shanghai in 1990s. Chinese Journal of Population Science, 2000, 5, 45-52.
Feng J, Zhou YX. The growth and distribution of population in Beijing Metropolitan Area (1982-2000). Acta Geograpuica Sinca, 2003, 58(6), 903-916.
Gao XD. Population redistribution and modeling of Shanghai City in the 1990s. Acta Geograpuica Sinca, 2005, 60(4), 637-644.
Zhou CS , Bian Y. The Growth and Distribution of Population in Guangzhou City in 1982-2000[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2014, 34 (9):1085-1092.
Wang CL, Yang SG.. Dynamic Analysis on Population Suburbanization and New Town Development in Shanghai [J]. Urban Planning (English edition), 2016 (2):70-75.
Chen J, Tamura M, Shi P et al. Assessment of the urban development plan of Beijing by using a CA-based urban growth model. Photogram. Eng. Rem. Sensing, 2002, 68 (10), 1063-1071.