Reconsidering the Significance, Authenticity and Integrity of New Gourna Village within the Context of the World Heritage Convention
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 92-101
Received: Jul. 30, 2018;
Accepted: Aug. 22, 2018;
Published: Nov. 1, 2018
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Ayman Abdel Tawab, Department of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Despite its location inside the World Heritage Site in Luxor, New Gourna Village has never been recognized as one of the elements that contribute to the World Heritage Site’s Outstanding Universal Value. In order to consider New Gourna among the World Heritage Site’s contributing elements, it should enjoy an Outstanding Universal Value and should also satisfy the conditions of authenticity and integrity. The aim of this study was to scrutinize the possibility to recognize New Gourna as one of the elements that contribute to the Outstanding Universal Value of the World Heritage Site in Luxor. The previous aim was achieved by evaluating the level of significance of the heritage values that New Gourna enjoys, as well as their authenticity and integrity, using a proposed methodology. According to this methodology, the level of significance of the values that New Gourna enjoys was evaluated against a list of criteria that were largely derived from the world heritage criteria. Another methodology, which was based on the Operational Guidelines’ definitions of authenticity and integrity, was used to evaluate the authenticity and integrity of the village. The findings revealed the significant contribution of New Gourna towards the World Heritage Site’s Outstanding Universal Value despite the decline of the village’s authenticity and integrity. The continuous demolition of the buildings designed by Hassan Fathy in the village and the replacement of these buildings by modern concrete buildings represent the major aspect that emphasizes the decline of the authenticity of New Gourna. On the other hand, the decline of the physical condition of the few remaining earthen buildings designed by Hassan Fathy in the village is the main aspect that emphasizes the decline of the village’s integrity. The study suggests revising the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value of the World Heritage Site in Luxor so as to recognize New Gourna among its contributing elements and to undertake all the possible measures to preserve New Gourna.
Ayman Abdel Tawab,
Reconsidering the Significance, Authenticity and Integrity of New Gourna Village within the Context of the World Heritage Convention, Urban and Regional Planning.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2018, pp. 92-101.
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