Transforming Urban Economy with ‘Eds and Meds’: Inspirations from the Texas Medical Center (TMC)
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 136-143
Received: Dec. 2, 2019; Published: Dec. 3, 2019
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Author
Xuanyi Nie, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
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Abstract
Globalization has transformed urban economy from production of materials to production of knowledge. The knowledge economy in the cities in return demands an increasingly skilled and educated workforce. Understanding that cities are and will continue to be the foundation for economic growth, one immediate challenge is to look for economic engines that help this transformation in cities. At the same time, cities in the US offered a unique perspective through ‘Eds and Meds’. Due to breakthroughs in medical research and the growing density of cities, hospital campuses are demanded to expand in size and diversity of programs. The resulting campus as an urban typology integrates medical care, medical schools and research institutes. Anchoring upon service-industry, this typology promotes urban development through increased level of economic activities related to healthcare industry. Examples of such strategy can be widely found across the US geography. This paper identifies the Texas Medical Center (TMC) in Houston as the case study to further examine the underlying mechanisms of such typology. The case study dives into the history of the development of the TMC, then, drawing upon statistics, theorizes the critical foundations for the success of TMC through the principles of agglomeration effects. Based on these findings from the Texas Medical Center, this paper also outlines recommendations on key elements essential for adopting ‘Eds and Meds’ for urban development.
Keywords
Urban Economy, Hospital, Eds and Meds, Economic Development, Agglomeration Effects
To cite this article
Xuanyi Nie, Transforming Urban Economy with ‘Eds and Meds’: Inspirations from the Texas Medical Center (TMC), Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 136-143. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20190404.12
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