Spatial and Temporal Principles and Methods of the Historical Urban Environment Composition Transformations
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 144-151
Received: Oct. 29, 2019;
Accepted: Nov. 23, 2019;
Published: Dec. 4, 2019
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Margaryta Didichenko, Department of Design Architectural Environment, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Irina Bulakh, Department of Design Architectural Environment, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Olena Kozakova, Department of Information Technologies in Architecture, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
The composition development of the historical urban environment is relevant and requires constant improvement and research conducted on the identification and analysis of internal morphological patterns basis. In order to systematize analytical knowledge and skills in determining the nature of urban changes and operation with a historical context, a system of four principles of spatial and temporal compositional transformations is proposed, describing previously revealed patterns of urban development, based on the characteristic processes of change and growth of the composition. Two methods are substantiated according to each of the principles which are designed to give a logical description of the means of embodying the systematic change of the urban planning composition, as well as to determine the immediate processes and ways of development of the composition structure. In order to remain the internal interpreting related processes logic, the article structure is formed by blocks, each defines the exact principle and justifies the two corresponded methods. Thus the principle of spatial scale is marked by a regulated controlled growth of urban planning, which is characterized by spatial scaling methods and the uniformity of structural changes. The principle of the structure balance is described by the processes of self-organized systematic stabilization of the urban composition. It corresponds to the methods of the parts comparison and system stabilization. The principle of systemic rhythmicity is determined by the internal qualitative processes of concentrating on the development of planning design and structuring of the beforehand created composite elements. It is characterized by the methods of regular alternation and the system hierarchy. The principle of compositional harmony is based on the processes of planning system external oriented adaptation and the conformity of the created composition to the principles of sustainable development. It is implemented by the methods of spatial proportionality and the evolutionary integrity of the system. For illustrates the interconnectedness of the principles, characteristic processes and patterns of spatial composition development, general compositional techniques, appropriate methods and parameters of spatial modifications of the planning structure, it is suggested to place all the data in the correlation table. This enables further methodical identifying of the inherent features and to identify the appropriate principles and methods of compositional modifications within the consideration of the new urban planning case. These research conclusions may be used in the creation of further well-founded study recommendations, which can be implemented in the renovation and revitalization of urban spatial structures projects.
Spatial and Temporal Principles and Methods of the Historical Urban Environment Composition Transformations, Urban and Regional Planning.
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