Selective Separation of Yttrium and Cerium (IV) from the Prepared Abu Hamata Lanthanides Cake
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2016, Pages: 26-31
Received: Nov. 28, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 10, 2016; Published: Jan. 10, 2017
Views 2970      Downloads 81
Authors
Amer T. E., Nuclear Materials Authority, El-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
Abdellah W. M., Nuclear Materials Authority, El-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
Abdel Wahab G. M., Nuclear Materials Authority, El-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
El-Shahat M. F., Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The present work is concerned with selective separation of Y and Ce (IV) from the lanthanides cake prepared from the pregnant sulfate leach liquor of Abu Hamata sandy claystone ore material. This sulfate solution assays 0.32 g/L of Ln, 0.45 g/L of U together with 0.05 g/L V and 0.008 g/L B. It was used to prepare the lanthanides cake that contains 12.2% of Y and 37.4% of Ce. Ammonium carbonate solution in concentration of 200g/L was used for dissolving more than 95.1% of Y content selectively from the prepared lanthanides cake. The free Y lanthanides cake was then subjected to Ce (IV) separation via dissolving the other trivalent lanthanides in dilute hydrochloric acid while Ce(IV) remains insoluble.
Keywords
Sandy Claystone Ore, Agitation Leaching, Ln Direct Precipitation, (NH4)2CO3, Y, Ce(IV)
To cite this article
Amer T. E., Abdellah W. M., Abdel Wahab G. M., El-Shahat M. F., Selective Separation of Yttrium and Cerium (IV) from the Prepared Abu Hamata Lanthanides Cake, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 26-31. doi: 10.11648/j.cbe.20160101.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Maestro, P. and Huguenin, D. Industrial applications of rareearths: which way for the end of the century, J. Alloys Compd., 1995, 225: 520–528.
[2]
Nagaosa, Y. and Binghua, Y. Recovery and separation of lanthanum (III), aluminum (III), cobalt (II), and nickel (II) from mish metal by solvent extraction using bis(2-ethylhexyl)phosphinic acid, Sep. Sci. Technol., 1997, 32 (6):1053–1065.
[3]
Sa´nchez, J. M., Hidalgo, M. and Salvado, V. Extraction of neodymium (III) at trace level with di(2-ethyl-hexyl)phosphoric acid in hexane, Solv. Extr. Ion Exch., 1999, 17 (3): 455–474.
[4]
Abdellah, W. M., Amer, T. E., Abd elwahab, G. M., AlShami, A. S. and El-Shahat, M. F. Extraction of boron and vanadium from Abu Hamata alkali leach solution by using ion exchange resin, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, 2014, 3 (3): 2033-2038.
[5]
Krumholz, P., Bril, K. Behmoiras, Gottdenker, J. F. and Lima, F. W. Proceedings of the 12th United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, vol. 28, United Nations, Geneva,September 1–13, 1958: 184–195.
[6]
Firsching, F. H. and Mohammadzadel, J. J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 3: 40–42.
[7]
De Vasconcellos M. E., Da Rocha S. M. R., Pedreira, W. R., Queiroz, C. A. S. and Abrao, A. Enrichment of yttrium from rare earth concentrate by ammonium carbonate leaching and peroxide precipitation, Alloys and Compounds, 2006, 418: 200–203.
[8]
De Vasconcellos M. E., Da Rocha S. M. R., Pedreira, W. R., Queiroz, C. A. S. and Abrao, A. Solubility behavior of rare earths with ammonium carbonate and ammonium carbonate plus ammonium hydroxide:Precipitation of their peroxicarbonates, Alloys and Compounds, 2008, 451: 426–428.
[9]
Kedari, C. S., Pandit, S. S. and Ramanujam, A. Studies on the in situ electrooxidation and selective permeation of cerium (IV) across a bulk liquid membrane containing tributyl phosphate as the ion transporter. Sep. Sci. Technol., 1999, 34 (9): 1907–1923.
[10]
José, C. G. and Carlson, P. S. Cerium extraction from cerite mineral using leaching and selective precipitation processes, 2nd Mercosur Congress on Chemical Engineering, 4th Mercosur Congress on Process Systems Engineering, 2005: 1-5.
[11]
Marczenko, Z. Spectrophotometric determination of elements, John Wiley and Sons, Harwood, New York, 1986.
[12]
Habashi, F. A textbook of hydrometallurgy, Metallurgic extractive quebec, Eng., Quebec, Canada, 1993.
[13]
Agasyan, P. K. and Tsyurupa, M. G. Qualitative chemical semi-microanalysis, English tans. Mir Publisher, Moscow, 1980.
[14]
Chi, R. A., Zhu, G. and Tian, J.: Leaching kinetics of rare earth from black weathering mud with hydrochloric acid. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 2000, 104: 531–533.
[15]
Gomes, C. C. and de Souza, C. P. Cerium extraction from cerite mineral using leaching and selective precipitation processes, 2nd Mercosur Congress on Chemical Engineering, 4th Mercosur Congress on Process Systems Engineering, 2005: 1-5.
[16]
Mark, M. W. and Raye, H. The rare earths and rare-earth compounds, In Analytical chemistry of the elements, part II, 8, West Chicago Res. Lab., American potash and Chemical Corporation, US, 1963.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186