Cleaning of Domestic and Industrial Waste Water from Ferrous Particles Using Magnetic Filter
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 1-4
Received: Dec. 17, 2016;
Accepted: Jan. 6, 2017;
Published: Jan. 24, 2017
Views 2184 Downloads 64
Zehra Yildiz, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Tarsus Technology Faculty, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey
In this paper, separation of dispersed magnetic particles from waste water using magnetic filtration technology was investigated. For this purpose, the mixture of water and corrosion particles is processed with detergent, acidic and basic materials, and then passed through an magnetic filter. Effects of viscosity, detergent concentration and pH value of the waste water on the separation efficiencies of the magnetic filter used were investigated. It was found that the efficiency of the filter separation decreases as the viscosity and detergent concentration of the waste water increase. Furthermore, it was recorded that the pH value of the waste water changes the efficiency of magnetic filter. The separation efficiency was found to be rather low in the absence of the magnetic field compared to those obtained in the presence of the magnetic field.
Cleaning of Domestic and Industrial Waste Water from Ferrous Particles Using Magnetic Filter, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2017, pp. 1-4.
Abbasov T., Electromagnetic filtration processes, Seckin Publishers, Ankara, 2002.
Svoboda J., Magnetic techniques for the treatment of materials. Kluwer Acdemic Publishers, USA, 2004.
Sandulyak A. V., Magnetic filtration of liquids and gases, Moscow: Ximiya, 1988.
Song M., Kim S., Lee K., Development of a magnetic filter system using permanent magnets for separating radioactive corrosion products from nuclear power plants, Separation Science and Technology,39 1037–1057, 2005.
Gıllet G., Dıot F., Lenoır M., Removal of heavy metal ions by superconducting magnetic separation. Separation Science and Technology, 34 (10), 2023–2037, 1999.
Franzreb M., Holl W. H.,Phosphate removal by high-gradient magnetic separation using permanent magnets, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Mag-10, 923-926, 2000.
Mishimo F., Takeda S., Fukushima M., Nishijima S., A superconducting magnetic separation system of ferromagnetic fine particles from a viscous fluid, Physica C, 463-465, 1302-1305, 2007.
Cerff M., Morweiser M., Dillschneider R., Michel A., Menzel K., Posten C., Harvesting fresh water and marine algae by magnetic separation: Screening of separation parameters and high gradient magnetic filtration, Bioresource Technology, 118 289–295, 2012.
Menzel K., Windt C. W., Lindner J. A., Michel A., Nirschl H., Dipolar openable Halbach magnet design for High-Gradient Magnetic Filtration, Separation and Purification Technology, 105 114–120, 2013.
Tsouris C., Noonan J., Ying T., Yiacoumi S., Surfactant effects on the mechanism of particle capture inhigh-gradient magnetic filtration, Separation and Purification Technology, 51 201–209, 2006.
Murthy Z. V. P., Nancy C., Kant A., Separation of Pollutants from Restaurant Wastewater by Electrocoagulation, Separation Science and Technology, 42 819–833, 2007.
Abbasov T., Magnetic filtration with magnetized granular beds: Basic principles and filter performance, China Particuology, 5 71–83, 2007.
Ebner N. A., Gomes C. S. G., Hobley T. J., Thomas O. R. T., Franzreb M., Filter capacity predictions for the capture of magnetic microparticles by high-gradient magnetic separation, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 43, 2007.
Sato S., Mitsuhashi K., Ohara T., Effect of zeta potential of particles dispersed in an aqueous solution on magnetic filtration efficiency, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 14, 2004.
Yuceer M., Yıldız Z., Abbasov T., Evaluatıon of Electromagnetıc Fıltratıon Effıcıency Usıng LS-SVM’’, Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing, 51 (1), 173−180, 2015.
Abbasov T., Gögebakan V., Karadağ T., Particle capture modeling for an axial magnetic filter with a bounded non-Newtonian flow field, Powder Technology,291 223–228, 2016.