Seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease in Bulls of Borana Origin Quarantined in Adama
International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology
Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2016, Pages: 1-10
Received: Jun. 2, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 4, 2016; Published: Oct. 9, 2016
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Akinaw Wagari, College of Medical and Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Across sectional study of FMD was conducted on apparently healthy bulls which were quarantined for export in Adama from December 2011 to May 2012, a total of 1071 blood sample were collected from the jugular vein of individual animals. Serological investigation was performed using 3ABC ELISA kit. As a result the over-all prevalence of FMD infection was 10.8% (116/1071), FMD is the most important livestock disease in terms of economic impact on export earnings; about US$ 71026.8 losses observed in the current study. The result of the current findings indicates that FMD is prevalent in bulls for export from Ethiopia, thus posing major loss in the country’s economy. This warrants the necessity of further study of the epidemiology of the disease nation-wide. Investigation of the strains of the virus, climate, and host factors can assist in identifying amenable control options.
Keywords
Bulls, ELISA, Ethiopia, Export, FMD, Seroprevalence
To cite this article
Akinaw Wagari, Seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease in Bulls of Borana Origin Quarantined in Adama, International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20160101.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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