International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 38-44
Received: Mar. 8, 2017;
Accepted: Jan. 20, 2018;
Published: Aug. 23, 2018
Views 1036 Downloads 108
Egwuatu Chinyelu Ijeamaka, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Odebeatu Chinonso Christian, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Obumselu Onyeka Fabian, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Iloamaeke Ifeoma MaryJane, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Kammeje Tochukwu Joseph, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
In this study, the application of ground coconut husk GCH for removal of Cr (VI) from its aqueous solution was investigated. Several batch experiments were carried out with different values of test conditions including sorbent concentration, contact time, temperature and pH. The results obtained showed that adsorption of Cr (VI) followed Freundlich isotherm model. Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm revealed that adsorption of the three metal ions principally followed chemical adsorption process. Adsorption kinetics was best described by pseudo-second order. Thermodynamic studies revealed that adsorption of Cr (VI) were endothermic process since ∆H was positive. Adsorption of Cr (VI) was spontaneous as evident from the negative value ∆G. Uptake of metal ion from their aqueous solution increases with increase in pH but decreases slightly at pH of 8.
Egwuatu Chinyelu Ijeamaka,
Odebeatu Chinonso Christian,
Obumselu Onyeka Fabian,
Iloamaeke Ifeoma MaryJane,
Kammeje Tochukwu Joseph,
Isotherm Studies of Adsorption of Cr (Vi) Ions onto Coconut Husk, International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2018, pp. 38-44.
Chigondo, F., Nyambuya, T. and Chigondo, M. (2013). Removal of Zinc (II) ions from Aqueous Solution using MSASA Tree (brachystegiaspiciformis) Leaf Powder: Equilibrium Studies. Journal of Asia Scientific Research, 3 (2): 140-150.
Onyeka, L. I. and Abioye, A. A., (2011). Removal of Heavy Metals from Dye Effluent using Activated Carbon produced from Coconut Shell. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 3 (12): 8238-8246.
Wang, J. and Chen, C. (2009). Biosorbents for Heavy Metals removal and their Future. Biotechnology Advances, 27 (2): 195-226.
Asia, R. and Avila, T. B. S. (2015). Removal of Copper (II) and Zinc (II) ions from Aqueous Solution using Modified Rice Husk as an Adsorbent. International Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 6 (2).
Vol esky, B. (2001). Detoxification of Metal Bearing Effluents: Biosorption for the Next Century. Hydro-Metallurgy, 19: 203-216.
Subrt, J., Stengl, V., Bakardjieva, S. and Szatmary, L. (2006). Synthesis of Spherical Metal Oxide Particles using Homogeneous Precipitation of Aqueous Solution of Metal Sulphates with Urea. Powder Technology, 169: 33-40.
Hasar, H. (2003). Adsorption of Nickel (II) from Aqueous Solution onto Activated Carbon prepared from Almond Husk. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B97: 49-57.
Mulligan, C. N., Yong, R. N. and Gibbs, B. F (2010). Removal of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Soil and Sediments using the BiosurfactantSurfactin. Journal of Soil Contamination, 8 (2): 231-254.
Johnson, P. D., Girinathannair, P., Ohlinger, K. N., Ritchie, S., Teuber, L. and Kirby, J. (2008). Enhanced Removal of Heavy Metals in Primary Treatment using Coagulation and Flocculation. Water and Environmental Journal, 80 (5): 472-476.
Adegoke, H. I. and Adekola, F. A. (2011). Equilibrium Sorption of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solution using Synthetic Haematite. Colloid Journal, 74 (4): 420-426.
Tumin, N. D., Chuah, L. A., Zawani, Z. and Rashid, S. A. (2008). Adsorption of Copper from Aqueous Solution by eliasguineesisKernel Activated Carbon. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 3 (2): 180-189.
Malkoc, E. and Nuhoglu, Y. (2005). Investigations of Nickel (II) removal from Aqueous Solution using Tea Factory Waste. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B127: 120-128.
Witek-Krowiak, A. (2012). Analysis of Temperature-dependent Biosorption of Cu2+ ion on Sunflower Hulls: Kinetics, Equilibrium and Mechanism of the Process. Chemical Engineering Journal, 192: 13-20.
Osasona, A., Adebayo, O. and. Ajayi, O. O. (2013). Biosorption of Pb (II) from Aqueous Solution using Cow Hooves: Kinetics and Thermodynamics. Physical Chemistry Journal, 2013: 1-8.
Rajendran, A., Mansiya, C. and Madhumathi, V. (2011). Loggergren's Adsorption Dynamics for the Removal of Lead using Egg Shell as an Adsorbent. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 2 (2): 40-43.
Ratnakuwari, A. and Sobha, K. (2012). Biosorption of Cu2+ using Animal Polymer: Chick and Duck Feather. International and Bio-Medical Science, 3 (2): 2229-2237.
Diptendu, S. and Goutam, P. (2015). Bioremediation of Nickel Ions from Aqueous System by Dry Cells of pseudomonas aeruginosa DSGPM4 species. International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Science, 6 (1): 4110-4114.
Sonde, C. U. and Odoemelam, S. A. (2012). Sorption Studies on the Use of African Breadfruit (treculiaafricana) Seed Hull as Adsorbent for Removal of Cu2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ from Aqueous Solution. American Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1 (1): 11-12.
Mohammed, T. J., Azeez, R. A. and Lutffe, T. (2015). Biosorption of Copper from Synthesised Wastewater using Agricultural Waste (Roasted Date Pits). International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 6 (3): 3063-3068.
Foroutan, R., Esmaeili, H. and Fard, M. K. (2015). Equilibrium and Kinetics Studies of Pb (II) Biosorption from Aqueous Solution using Shrimp Peel. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Science, 9 (11): 1954-1965.
Waste-guide/waste Management and Agricultural Waste. http://www.waste-guide. Accessed on 26/2/2016.
Agbozu I. E. and Emoruwa, F. O. (2014). Batch Adsorption of Heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Fe, Cr and Cd) from Aqueous Solution using Coconut Husk. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 8 (4): 239-246.
Subramanyam, B.1* and Ashutosh, D., (2012), Adsorption Isotherm Modeling of Phenol Onto Natural soils – Applicability of Various Isotherm Models, Int. J. Environ. Res., 6 (1):265-276.
Xunjun Chen X., (2015), Modeling of Experimental Adsorption Isotherm Data, Information, 6:14-22.
Sampranpiboon, P., Charnkeitkong, P., Feng, X.(2014), Equilibrium Isotherm Models for Adsorption of Zinc (II) ion from Aqueous Solution on Pulp Waste WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, 10: 35-47.
Malkoc, E., Nuhoglu, Y., (2007) Determination of kinetic and equilibrium parameters of the batch adsorption of Cr (VI) onto waste acorn of Quercus ithaburensis, Chemical Engineering and Processing 46: 1020–1029.
EI-Awady, A. A., Abd-EI-Nabey, B. A. and Aziz, S. G., (1992), Kinetic-Thermodynamic and Adsorption Isotherms Analyses for the Inhibition of the Acid Corrosion of Steel by Cyclic and Open-Chain Amines A., Electrochem. Soc., 139 (8):2149-2154.
Momčilović, M., Purenović, M., Bojić, A., Zarubica, A., Ranđelović, M. (2011), Removal of lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto pine cone activated carbon Desalination 276:53–59.