Preparation and Characterization of Acacia Catechu Film: Effect of Monomer (HEMA) and UV Radiation
American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2019, Pages: 64-68
Received: Sep. 20, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 10, 2019;
Published: Oct. 26, 2019
Views 153 Downloads 54
Md. Iftakharul Alam, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Sahadat Hossain, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ruhul A. Khan, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury, Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nature is the prime source of everythings. So, in this research we selected the plant source for the extraction of resin from acacia catechu. Raw acacia catechu was collected from the plant for the extraction of resin and preparation of film. A mixture of 60% ethanol and 40% benzene was used as solvent for the extraction of resin. After extraction, polymeric films were prepared by casting the extracted solution maintaining the thickness 1 to 3 mm. Now-a-days monomers are widely used for the improvement of properties. In this case monomer (HEMA) was used to improve the mechanical properties of prepared film. Different percentages (10, 12.5 and 15%) of monomer were used with the catechu but 12.5% showed better results than the others two. Different types of high energy radiation (gamma radiation, UV-radiation, etc.) are also widely used for the improvement of different types of properties. With the HEMA grafted catechu film different pass (15, 20 and 25) of UV radiation was applied. The highest result was obtained for the 20 UV radiation pass and the monomer concentration was 12.5% which was taken as optimum. At the optimum condition the highest TS and TM values were 4.5 MPa, and 72MPa respectively as well as the lowest elongation at break was 1.44%.
Md. Iftakharul Alam,
Md. Sahadat Hossain,
Ruhul A. Khan,
A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury,
Preparation and Characterization of Acacia Catechu Film: Effect of Monomer (HEMA) and UV Radiation, American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2019, pp. 64-68.
Das, L. R., Mollah, M. Z. I., Islam, J. M. M., Akhter, S., Ahmed, F. and Khan, M. A. (2015) Fabrication of Cellulose Based Reinforced Linear Low Density Polyethylene with Polyethylene Terephthalate Composite: Effect of Acacia catechu as Coupling Agent. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 995-1007. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/msa.2015.611099.
Hye, M. A., Taher, M. A., Ali, M. Y., Ali, M. U. and Shahed, Z. (2009) Isolation of (+)-Catechin from Acacia catechu (Cutch Tree) by a Convenient Method. Journal of Scientific Research, 1, 300-305.
Atta-ur-Rahman, Hakim Mohammed Said, and Viqaruddin Ahmad, Pakistan Encyclopaedia Planta Medica, Hamdard Pakistan 1, 51 (1986).
L. H. Meyer, Food Chemistry (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1960) pp 250-251.
M. A. Hye, M. A. Taher, M. Y. Ali, M. U. Ali, and Shahed Zaman, Isolation of (+)-Catechin from Acacia Catechu (Cutch Tree) by a Convenient Method, Journal of Scientific research, 1 (2), 300-305 (2009).
Shibata, M., Takachiyo, K., Ozawa, K., Yosomiya, R. and Takeshi, H. (2002) Biodegradable Polyester Composites Reinforced with Short Abaca Fiber. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 85, 129-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.10665.
Sahadat Hossain, M., Uddin, M. B., Razzak, M., Sarwaruddin Chowdhury, A. M. and Khan, R. A., 2017. Fabrication and characterization of jute fabrics reinforced polypropylene-based composites: effects of ionizing radiation and disaccharide (sucrose). Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids, 172 (11-12), pp. 904-914.
Sahadat Hossain, M., Chowdhury, A. S. and Khan, R. A., 2017. Effect of disaccharide, gamma radiation and temperature on the physico-mechanical properties of jute fabrics reinforced unsaturated polyester resin-based composite. Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids, 172 (5-6), pp. 517-530.
Hossain, M. S., Hossain, M. S., Rahman, M. M., Chowdhury, A. S. and Khan, R. A., 2018. Fabrication and Characterization of Kevlar Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Based Composite for Civil Applications. Advances in Materials, 7 (4), p. 105.
Rahaman, M. N., Hossain, M. S., Razzak, M., Uddin, M. B., Chowdhury, A. S. and Khan, R. A., 2019. Effect of dye and temperature on the physico-mechanical properties of jute/PP and jute/LLDPE based composites. Heliyon, 5 (6), p.e01753.
Shahriar Kabir, M., Hossain, M. S., Mia, M., Islam, M., Rahman, M., Hoque, M. B. and Chowdhury, A. M., 2018. Mechanical Properties of Gamma-Irradiated Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites. In Nano Hybrids and Composites (Vol. 23, pp. 24-38). Trans Tech Publications.
M. J. Miah, M. A. Khan and R. A. Khan, Fabrication and Characterization of Jute Fiber Reinforced Low Density Polyethylene Based Composites: Effects of Chemical Treatment, J. Sci. Res. 3 (2), 249-259 (2011).
Mohanty, A. K., Khan, M. A. and Hinrichen, G. (2000). Surface Modification of Jute and its Influence on Performance of Biodegradable Jute Fabrics/Biopol Composites, Composites Science and Technology, 60: 1115–1124.
Khan, M. A., Hossain, M. and Ali, K. M. I. (1999). Jute Composite with MMA by Gamma and UV Radiations in the Presence of Additives, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 74: 900–906.
Mubarak A. Khan, Md. Saifur Rahaman, Abdullah-Al-Jubayer, and Jahid M. M. Islam, Modification of Jute Fibers by Radiation-Induced Graft Copolymerization and Their Applications, Cellulose Grafted Copolymer, 209-215.
Zaman, H. U., Khan, M. A., Akter, N., Ghoshal, S. and Khan, R. A., 2011. Role of gamma radiation and EGDMA on the physico–mechanical properties of jute fabrics/polypropylene composites. Polymer Composites, 32 (11), pp. 1888-1894.
Zaman, H. U., Khan, A. H., Hossain, M. A., Khan, M. A. and Khan, R. A., 2012. Physico-mechanical, interfacial, degradation, and dielectric properties of jute/PP composites: Effect of dye and Gamma radiation. International Journal of Polymeric Materials, 61 (8), pp. 596-610.
Zaman, H. U., Khan, M. A., Khan, R. A., Rahman, M. A., Das, L. R. and Al-Mamun, M., 2010. Role of potassium permanganate and urea on the improvement of the mechanical properties of jute polypropylene composites. Fibers and Polymers, 11 (3), pp. 455-463.