Design and Optimisation of a Microgrid for Improved Efficiency of the Volta River Authority (Navrongo) Solar Power Plant
American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 44-52
Received: May 19, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 11, 2020; Published: Aug. 13, 2020
Views 139      Downloads 56
Authors
Anthony Simons, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana
Otoo Henry, Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana
Kuubeterzie Francis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana
Cyrus Addy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In ensuring proper energy mix and reducing the number of emissions from traditional thermal plants for power generation, the Energy Commission of Ghana built the Solar Power Plant at Navrongo. This was to help cut down the cost of crude fuel imports and also play a part in mitigating global warming which results from the continuous emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) at the thermal power. Over the years the plant has been faced with inconsistent power generation. This research paper sought to investigate the power losses at the Navrongo Volta River Authority (VRA) Solar Power Plant and come out with measures to improve its efficiency. Power production downtime and power transmission losses were identified as the major constraints of the solar power plant. General evaluation and review of the grid design and transmission system of the plant were considered and a microgrid technology was proposed to eliminate generation downtime and power transmission losses. The output of the proposed microgrid system was predicted using R-studio statistical simulations, also the plant was optimised to ascertain the gains in power generation and the merits of this system were discussed. Finally, conclusions and recommendations where made to ensure energy security and economic competitiveness of the plant.
Keywords
Microgrid, Solar Power Plant, Energy Loss, Energy Output, Invertors
To cite this article
Anthony Simons, Otoo Henry, Kuubeterzie Francis, Cyrus Addy, Design and Optimisation of a Microgrid for Improved Efficiency of the Volta River Authority (Navrongo) Solar Power Plant, American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 44-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmie.20200503.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
L. Abdallah and T. EL-Shennaw. Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Electricity Sector Smart Electric grid Application, J. of Engineering, 2013; 1-8.
[2]
R. Gross, M. Leach and A. Bauen, Progress in renewable energy,” Environment International, 2003; 29 (1), 105-122.
[3]
A. S. Bahaj and P. A. B, James (2007). “Future energy solutions”. University of Southampton. Available online: http://www3.hants.gov.uk/fes.pdf (accessed on 4 February 2016).
[4]
A. H. Bagdadee and L. Zhang. A Review of Smart Grid Concept for Electrical Power System. Int. J. of Energy and Opt and Eng. 2019: 8 (4), 106-126.
[5]
A. S. Bahaj and P. A. B. James. Urban energy generation: the added value of photovoltaics in social housing. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2007; 11 (9), 2121-2136.
[6]
S. Bossart (2012), Doe perspective on microgrids: In Advanced microgrid concepts and technologies workshop.
[7]
P. Asmus, and C. Stimmel, Utility Distribution Microgrids. Research Report. IGI Global, 2017. Hershy, USA.
[8]
Carlson D, Wronski C. Topics in Applied Physics: Amorphous Semiconductors: Amorphous silicon solar cells. 1985. Springer Berlin.
[9]
M. A. Green, S. P. Bremner. Energy conversion approaches and materials for high-efficiency photovoltaics. Nature materials. 2017; 16 (1): 23-34.
[10]
A. Chouder and S. Silvestre, Analysis model of mismatch power losses in PV systems. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 2009, 131 (2) pp. 125-135.
[11]
J. Nelson, The physics of solar cells. (2003), Imperial College Press, pp 384.
[12]
A. Verma and S. Singhal, Solar PV performance parameter and recommendation for optimization of performance in large scale grid connected solar PV plant—case study. Journal of Energy Power Sources. 2015, (1): 40-53.
[13]
J. D. Mondol, Y. G. Yohanis and B. Norton, Optimal sizing of array and inverter for grid-connected photovoltaic systems. 2006, Solar Energy, 80 (12), pp. 1517-1539.
[14]
G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, R. Teodorescu, M. Veerachary, M. Vitelli. Reliability issues in photovoltaic power processing systems. IEEE transactions on Industrial Electronics. 2008 Jun 24; 55 (7): 2569-80.
[15]
M. Green, Third-generation photovoltaics: Advanced solar energy conversion. 2006, Springer, Berlin, pp 163.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186