Factors Contributing to Voluntary Counseling and Testing Uptake among Youth in Colleges of Harar, Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 2, May 2013, Pages: 91-96
Received: May 16, 2013; Published: May 30, 2013
Views 3346      Downloads 370
Anteneh Dirar, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Bezatu Mengiste, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Haji Kedir, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Wanzahun Godana, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Background: Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is an integral component of HIV prevention and care strategies worldwide. Methods: A cross sectional study design was used to collect data. The collected data were entered in Epi Info version3.5.3. Data analyses were done using SPSS for windows version 16.0. Descriptive analysis was used to describe the data. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to measure the association between the dependent variable and independent variables calculating odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical significance was set at α. ≤ 0.05. Multivariable analyses were applied to identify the relative effect of explanatory variables on the dependent variable. Result: The prevalence of HIV testing was 52.8%. The finding also showed that students who are sexually active (AOR=1.261, CI=1.134, 1.822), youth having a boy/girl friend (AOR=1.233, CI=1.211, 2.923), youth having sex with their partner (AOR=3.823, CI=1.891, 7.730), who are willing to pay for VCT(AOR=2.233, CI=1.633, 3.052), those who discuss HIV/AIDS with their family (AOR=1.504, CI=1.029, 2.199), colleague utilized VCT (AOR=1.775, CI= 1.269, 2.482), were more likely to be tested. Conclusions and Recommendations: The results indicated that there is still less number of students utilized VCT service: therefore there is a need of further information, education and communication program with regard to increase VCT service uptake, expanding youth targeted VCT service.
VCT Uptake, HIV Testing, HIV Counseling, Youth, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Anteneh Dirar, Bezatu Mengiste, Haji Kedir, Wanzahun Godana, Factors Contributing to Voluntary Counseling and Testing Uptake among Youth in Colleges of Harar, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013, pp. 91-96. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20130102.17
UNAIDS. Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2008. Geneva: Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS: 2008.
Family Health International. Voluntary counseling and testing and youth. USA.2003.
Shemshedin O, Jemal H., 2009.VCT uptake and associated factors among teachers in Harari Administrative region. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development.23(3):199-205
Abebe A, Mitike G.2009. Perception of High school students towards Voluntary HIV counseling and testing using Health Belief Model in Butajira.Ethiopian Journal of Health development. 23(2): 148-153
Anthony M, Dinah W, Philomena N, Ngugi M, Haniel N, Amos N, Njagi I. 2012. Sources of VCT information and reasons for use and non use of VCT services by young people in selected rural locations in Kenya.International journal of social sciences tomorrow:Vol 1, Num 2: 1-8
Mgosha P, Eliningaya S, Anth M, Longin R, Seif S, Hassan M, Ashaterabi L, Michael J. 2009. Evaluation of uptake and attitude to voluntary counseling and testing among health care professional students in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania BMC Public Health. 2009; 9: 128. Published online 2009 May 9. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-128
Tesfaye L, Ingvild FS, Knut F. Factors affecting voluntary HIV counseling and testing among men in Ethiopia. A cross sectional survey. BMC Public Health 2012,12: 438.
Matswaled M 2011. An investigation into the utilization of VCT among employee of Mittal Steel in Vanderbijipak. A case study. A Master thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies of University of South Africa.
Akhiwu P. 2012 Factors affecting the utilisation of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services for HIV/AIDS in Sowa, Botswana.URI:http//hdl.handle.net/10539/10997
Stephen S., Florencw N. 2009. Voluntary Counseling and Testing services: Breaking resistance to access and utilization among the youth in Rakai district of Uganda.Educational Research and Review: 4(10):490-497
Matovu JK, Makunbi FE. 2007. Expanding access to voluntary HIV counseling and Testing in Sub Saharan Africa. Alternative approach for improving uptake, 2001-2007, Trop Med Int H,12(11):1315-1322.
Mitike G. HIV/AIDS behavioral surveillance survey (BSS)round two. Addis Ababa: Ministry of health (MOH) and HIV/AIDS prevention and control office (HAPCO); 2005.
CSA. Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Authority (CSA) and ORC Marco; 2006
Oshi, N., Frank O., Daniel C., Uchechukwu D., Francis C. and Blessing O. Does self perception of risk of HIV infection make the youth to reduce risk behavior and seek voluntary counseling and testing services? A case study of Nigerian youth. 2007; 14(2):195-203.
Mengesha A., and Yohannis F. Factors affecting acceptance of VCT among different professional and community groups in North and SouthGondar Administrative zones, North West Ethiopia, Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 2006; 20(1):24-31.
Michael, D. Study on factors affecting accessibility acceptability of VCT service for HIV/AIDS in Bahir Dar town, North West Ethiopia, Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia.2001.
Annemarie, E., 2008. Fear of stigmatization as barrier to VCT in South Africa. East Africa Journal of Public Health. 5(2):49-54.
Antenane K., Mebiratu B., Solomon T., 2005. Socio demographic profile and prevalence of HIV infection among VCT clients in Addis Ababa. EJHD. 19(2):109-115.
Gashaw, A., Afework K., Feleke M., Yigzaw K., Molla G., Fisseha W., Atnaf A.,Berhanu A. and Solomon A.,. Low prevalence of HIV infection, and knowledge, attitude and practice on HIV/AIDS among high school students in Gondar, North West Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health and Development. 2007; 21(2):179-182.
Zenebu, Y. 2005. Determinant of voluntary counseling and testing utilization among youth in Jijjiga town, Ethiopia. An MPH thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University.
Abebaw, A., 2008. Determinants of voluntary HIV counseling andtesting among Addis Ababa universityundergraduate final year students. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. An MPH thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University.
Olugbeng-Bello, 2008. Knowledge, Attitude and Uptake of voluntary confidential counseling and testing (VCCT) of HIV/AIDS among young adults in an urban settlement in southwest Nigeria. Med well journals. 3(6):442-447.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186