Prevalence of HIV/AIDS and its Associated Factors among Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Service Users in Jinka Town Health Institutions, South Omo Zone, South Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages: 125-130
Received: Jun. 12, 2013; Published: Jul. 10, 2013
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Wanzahun Godana, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Abraham Atta, South Omo Zone Health Department, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Coordinator, Harar, Ethiopia
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Background: According to the latest figures of the United Nations Agency for International Development/World Health Organizations (UNAIDS/WHO) 2007 AIDS Epidemic Update, an estimated 33.2 million people are living with Human Immune deficiency Virus (HIV). There was only 34% coverage for prevention of mother to child transmission. Of the estimated 2.5 million HIV-infected children under the age of 15, well over 90% are thought to have been infected through mother to child transmission. Objectives: To assess prevalence of HIV and its associated factors among Prevention from Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) service users from Jinka Town Health Institutions, South Omo Zone. Materials and Methods: one year secondary data was collected retrospectively from the health facilities that were reported PMTCT in that year and analyzed using SPSS statistical package. Results: of a total of 960 clients received PMTCT service during the one year report. Based on the report 3.4% of the pregnant women were affected or sero-positive for HIV. HIV prevalence among counter male partners was 6.5%. There was also missing some components of PMTCT services. Conclusion and Recommendations: HIV is still a major health problem among women of reproductive age. Preventive strategies should aim at partner tracing and risk reduction along full PMTCT program implementation is recommended.
Prevalence, Mother to Child Transmission, HIV/AIDS
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Wanzahun Godana, Abraham Atta, Prevalence of HIV/AIDS and its Associated Factors among Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Service Users in Jinka Town Health Institutions, South Omo Zone, South Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2013, pp. 125-130. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20130103.13
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