Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in Relation to Childhood Diarrhoea Prevalence: The Case of Households with Children under-Five Years in Ghana
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 119-125
Received: Feb. 3, 2014; Published: Mar. 20, 2014
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Authors
Leslie Danquah, Department of Geography & Rural Development, CASS, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
Esi Awuah, Universtiy of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), Sunyani, Ghana
Charlotte Monica Mensah, Department of Geography & Rural Development, CASS, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
Seth Agyemang, Department of Geography & Rural Development, CASS, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
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Abstract
Research evidence indicates that the household environment has significant implications for the health of the members of the household. The objective of this study was to assess selected sanitation and hygiene practices in relation to the prevalence of childhood diarrhoea in households with children under-five years from the Ghanaian setting. A systematic random sampling approach was used to select 378 households from two communities each in the urban and peri-urban areas of the Atwima Nwabiagya District of Ghana respectively. Structured questionnaires and observation schedules were used to collect quantitative data from mothers and analyzed using chi-square and odds ratios (OR). The study showed that private latrine possession was low (10%) and sanitation facilities used by households were largely unimproved (90%). Children who lived in households which had water closets (WCs) in their dwellings recorded the lowest diarrhoea prevalence rate (11.1%) whereas the highest rate was recorded in households where the WCs were located outside the dwelling. Childhood diarrhoea was most prevalent (36%) for children whose mothers reported that they did not wash their hands with water and soap after defecation. It is proposed that adequate sanitation and hygiene education be given to mothers of children under-five years in the district and further research carried into socio-demographic and behavioral determinants of childhood diarrhoea.
Keywords
Sanitation, Hygiene, Household, Childhood Diarrhoea, Ghana
To cite this article
Leslie Danquah, Esi Awuah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Seth Agyemang, Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in Relation to Childhood Diarrhoea Prevalence: The Case of Households with Children under-Five Years in Ghana, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 119-125. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140202.21
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