Condom Use: Prevalence among Rural and Urban Sexually Active Adolescents in Osun state, Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 270-274
Received: Jun. 9, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 16, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
Views 2732      Downloads 125
Authors
Adedayo Olukemi Sabageh, Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Adesegun Olayiwola Fatusi, Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Donatus Sabageh, Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Olaniyan Akintunde Babatunde, Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Introduction: Today, millions of adolescents are faced with the possibility of being involved in risky sexual behaviours such as unprotected sex, low and inconsistent use of condom and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. This study determined the prevalence of condom use among rural and urban sexually active adolescents in Osun state. Method: The study was descriptive cross sectional in nature. A total of 800 students were recruited for the study from twelve secondary schools in the state using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected using pre-tested Assisted Self Completion Questionnaires. Ethical approvals were obtained from appropriate authorities. Chi square and logistic regression analyses were done. P value was 0.05. Results: The overall mean age of the respondents was 14.62 years ± 2.39. The mean age at first sex was 14.05 years ± 2.3 years ((13.89 ± 2.3 years for rural and 14.37 ± 2.3 years for urban). One fifth (20.1%) had been involved in sex. Close to half (49.7%) of the sexually experienced respondents had ever used condom; 60.5% were rural while 39.5% were urban respondents. Only 34% of them used condom the first time, half were rural respondents and the other half urban respondents (p = 0.003), the prevalence was higher during the last sex (45.1%). Discussion: Although the prevalence of condom use is low among these adolescents, it was found to be higher among rural respondents. One can also deduce from this study that older adolescents, those in public schools and those residing in rural areas are more likely to use condoms when compared with their counterparts. There is a need to raise awareness of condom use for adolescents who are sexually active especially in the urban areas.
Keywords
Prevalence, Adolescents, Condom, Rural, Urban
To cite this article
Adedayo Olukemi Sabageh, Adesegun Olayiwola Fatusi, Donatus Sabageh, Olaniyan Akintunde Babatunde, Condom Use: Prevalence among Rural and Urban Sexually Active Adolescents in Osun state, Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 270-274. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140204.14
References
[1]
Arowojolu AO, Ilesanmi AO, Roberts OA, Okunola MA. Sexuality, contraceptive choice and AIDS awareness among Nigerian undergraduates. Afr J Reproduct Health. 2002;6:60–70.
[2]
Brabin L, Kemp J, Obunge OK, Ikimalo J, Dolimore N, Odu NN, et al. Re-productive tract infections and abortion among adolescent girls in rural Nige-ria. Lancet. 1995;345:270–1
[3]
UNAIDS (2010) Available at htto://wwwunaids.org/documents/20101123 Global Report em.pdf. Accessed 14 February 2013.
[4]
National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ORC Macro. 2004. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2003. Calverton, Maryland: National Population Commission and ORC Macro.
[5]
Federal Ministry of Health [Nigeria]. National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey 2007 (NARHS Plus). Federal Ministry of Health Abuja, Nigeria 2008.
[6]
Ajuwon AJ, Olaleye A, Faromoju B, Ladipo O. Sexual behaviour and experience of sexual coercion among secondary school students in three states in North Eastern Nigeria. BioMedCentral Public Health. 2006; 6: 310.
[7]
Olugbenga-Bello AI, Adebimpe WO, Abodunrin OL. Sexual risk behaviour among in-school adolescents in public secondary schools in a Southwestern city in Nigeria. International Journal of Health Research. 2009; 2(3):243-251.
[8]
Falaye AO, Oyesoji AA. Gender differences in the sexual behaviour of selected adolescents in Southern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling. 2004; 9(1); 240-254.
[9]
Onyekonwu CG, Aneziokoro EA. Sexual behaviour and reproductive health among femanle senior secondary school students in Abakaliki LGA, Ebonyi State. Orient Journal of Medicine. 2007; 19 (1):31-37.
[10]
Salako AA, Iyaniwura C.A, Jeminusi OA, Sofowora R. Sexual behaviour, contraception and fertility among in-school adolescents in Ikenne local government, South-western Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2006; 9(1):26-36.
[11]
Bhubon MD, Subha R. Adolescent male reproductive health: Awareness and behavior among peri-urban and rural boys in West Bengal, India. International Journal of Men’s Health. 2007; 6 (2): 79-99.
[12]
Sylvia FK, Jessie KM, Herman S, Leif EA, Knut-Inge K. Review Article: A review of studies of sexual behaviour of school students in sub-Saharan Africa. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2002; 30 (2): 148-160.
[13]
Federal Ministry of Health [Nigeria]. National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey 2007 (NARHS Plus). Federal Ministry of Health Abuja, Nigeria 2008.
[14]
Prata, N., F. Vahidnia, and A. Fraser. 2005. Gender and relationship differences in condom use among 15-24-year-olds in Angola. International Family Planning Perspectives 31(4): 192-199.
[15]
The World Bank’s Global HIV/AIDs Program of action (2005)
[16]
Mberu BU. Protection before the harm: the case of condom use at the onset of premarital sexual relationship among youths in Nigeria. Afr Popul Stud. 2008; 23:57-83.
[17]
William KA, Alexander CS. Determinants of condom use to prevent HIV infection among youth in Ghana.J Adolesc Health. 1999; 24:63-72.
[18]
Ndola PE, Vahidnia E, Fraser A. Gender and relationship differences in condom use among 15-24 years olds in Angola. Int Fam Plann Perspect 2005;31:192-199.
[19]
Shisana O, Rehle T, Simbayi L C, Parker W, Zuma K, Bhana A, Connolly C, Jooste S, Pillay V et al. South African National HIV Prevalence, HIV Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey, 2005. Cape Town: HSRC Press.
[20]
Pettifor, A E, Rees H V, Steffenson A, Hlongwane-Madikizela L, McPhail C, Vermaak K & Kleinschmidt I. HIV and sexual behaviour among young South Africans: a national survey of 15-24 year olds. Johannesburg: 2004. Reproductive Health Research Unit, University of Witwatersrand.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186