Appraisal of Social and Health Impact of a Cement Plant at Host Communities in Yandev, Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 275-283
Received: May 28, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 20, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
Views 2872      Downloads 278
Authors
Fanan Ujoh, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Frederick Terkuma Ujoh, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port-Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Nigeria has extensive mineral and natural resources hence, developmental projects are being proposed and executed on a daily basis, many of which involve large-scale alteration of human, animal and plant ecosystems. Limestone mining and cement production commenced in 1980 at the study area, Yandev, without an environmental impact assessment to ascertain the extent of impact these activities could bring to bear on the physical and living conditions of the host environment. This study was carried out to appraise the social and health impact that mining of limestone and production of cement has inflicted on the host communities. Descriptive statistics and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used to analyse the primary data obtained. A total of 218 responses from 3 sampled (2 host and 1 control) communities, in addition to hospital records from 3 primary health centres, confirm severe health-related impacts of limestone mining and cement production on human populations at the host communities. The study concludes that the environmental compliance status of Dangote Cement Plc, Yandev towards attaining sustainability for the host communities as spelt by the Agenda 21 (Chapter 10, Objectives a & c) is far from meeting the target requirement. The study recommends ameliorative measures including constant fumigation to control the proliferation of vector-based and zoonosis diseases; adoption of improved and cleaner production technologies, and relocation of communities away from the immediate vicinity of the factory.
Keywords
Social and Health Impact, Limestone Mining and Cement Production, Rapid Social Appraisals, Sustainability
To cite this article
Fanan Ujoh, Frederick Terkuma Ujoh, Appraisal of Social and Health Impact of a Cement Plant at Host Communities in Yandev, Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 275-283. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140204.15
References
[1]
A.O. Arimoro, M.A. Fagbeja and W. Eedy: “The Need and Use of Geographic Information Systems for Environ-mental Impact Assessment in Africa: With Examples from Ten Years’ Experience in Nigeria. AJEAM/RAGEE, Vol. 4, No. 2. pp 16-27, 2002
[2]
National Environ-mental Management Authority, “Environmental Man-agement Tools- Uganda”. African Impact Assessment, 2001.
[3]
R.F. Noss and A.Y. Cooperrider, “Saving Nature's Legacy. Protecting and Restoring Biodiversity”. Island Press, Washington D.C., 1994
[4]
J. Pope, A. Bond, A. Morrison-Saunders and F. Retief. “Advancing the Theory and Practice of Impact Assessment: Setting the Research Agenda”. Environmental Impact Assess-ment Review, Vol. 41, pp. 1-9, 2013.
[5]
National Meteorological Agency NIMET. “Climatic Data”. Re-trieved from NIMET Office, Makurdi, Nigeria; 2012.
[6]
R. Lal. “Soil erosion and its relation to productivity in tropical soils”. Malma Aina Conf. Honolulu, Hawaii, 16-22 January 1983.
[7]
M.D. Adak, S. Adak and K.M. Purohit. "Ambient air quality and health hazards near mini cement plants." Pollution Research, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 361-364, 2007.
[8]
B.A. Ikyo, A.A. Akombor and T. Igbawua, “Determination of Ground Level Concentration of Pollutants from the Benue Ce-ment Company (BCC) Plc, Gboko, Nigeria: A Mathemat-ical Approach”. Journal of Research in Physical Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 35-42, 2007.
[9]
F. Ujoh. “An As-sessment of the Environmental Impact of Limestone Mining and Cement Production at Yandev, Nigeria”. PhD Thesis, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Abuja, Nigeria, 2014.
[10]
C. Cassel, P. Hackl and A.H. Westlung, “Robustness of Partial Least Squares Method for Esti-mating Latent Variable Quality Structures,” Journal of Applied Statistics, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 435-446, 1999.
[11]
P.E. Lloyd and P. Dicken, “Location in Space: A Theoretical Approach to Economic Geography”. Harper and Row, New York, 1972.
[12]
A.O. Ozigi and L. Ocho, “Education in Northern Nigeria”. George Allen and Unwin, London; 1981.
[13]
O. Balogun, “Diffu-sion of Post primary Schools in Kwara State”. The Abuja Journal of Economics and Social Studies Seminar, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp 335-349, 2000.
[14]
F. Ujoh, O.O. Ifatime-hin and E.D. Jenkwe. “Analysis of the Spatial Diffusion of Post-Primary Schools in Benue State, 1915-2002”. Jour-nal of Technology and Education in Nigeria, Vol. 13, Nos. 1& 2, pp. 1-11, 2009.
[15]
S.A. Meo, M.A. Azeem, M.G. Ghori and M.M.F. Subhan, “Lung function and Surface electromyography of intercostals muscles in cement mill workers”. Int. J. Occup. Med and Environ. Health, Vol. 15, pp. 279-287, 2002.
[16]
S.A. Meo, “Chest radiological findings in Pakistani cement mill workers”. Saudi Med. J., Vol. 24, pp. 287-290, 2003.
[17]
A.O. Akeem, “Impact of Ewekoro Cement Factory on the Surrounding Water Resources”. Bachelor of Water Resources and Hydrology Management Research Project, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 2008.
[18]
H. Ahiamadjie, O.K. Adukpo, J.B. Tandoh, O. Gyampo, M. Nyarku, I.I. Mumuni, O. Agyemang, M. Ackah, F. Otoo, and S.B. Dampare, “Determination of the Elemental Contents in Soils Around Diamond Cement Factory, Aflao:. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences 3(1): 46-50, 2011.
[19]
Y.I. Al‐Neaimi, J. Gomes and O.L. Lloyd, "Respiratory illnesses and ventilatory function among workers at a cement factory in a rapidly developing country." Occupational Medicine Vol. 51, No.6, pp. 367-373, 2001.
[20]
S. Aydin, S, Aydin, G. Croteau, I. Sahin and C. Citil, "Ghrelin, Nitrite and Paraox-onase/Arylesterase Concentrations in Cement Plant Workers." Journal of Medical Biochemistry, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 78-83., 2010.
[21]
Z. Zeleke, B. Moen and M. Bratveit, "Cement Dust Exposure and Acute Lung Func-tion: A Cross Shift Study." BMC Pulmonary Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 1:19, 2010.
[22]
V.S. Singh and D.N. Pandey, “Human Health Risk due to Cement Dust Exposure. Pol-icy-Brief, Climate Change and CDM Cell”, Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, Jaipur, India, 2011.
[23]
Environmental Health Perspectives EHP & National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIEHS. “A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change: A Report Outlining the Research Needs on the Human Health Effects of Climate Change”. April 22, 2010. Avail-able online at http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/assets/docs_a_e/climatereport2010.pdf Accessed 20 August 2012
[24]
O.O. Ifatimehin and F. Ujoh, “Application of Remotely-sensed Data for Modelling Malaria Infection in Lokoja, Nigeria”. International Journal of Tropical Diseases & Health, Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 634 – 644, 2014. Available online at: http://www.sciencedomain.org/issue.php?iid=465&id=19
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186