Appraisal of Social and Health Impact of a Cement Plant at Host Communities in Yandev, Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 275-283
Received: May 28, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 20, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
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Fanan Ujoh, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Frederick Terkuma Ujoh, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port-Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
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Nigeria has extensive mineral and natural resources hence, developmental projects are being proposed and executed on a daily basis, many of which involve large-scale alteration of human, animal and plant ecosystems. Limestone mining and cement production commenced in 1980 at the study area, Yandev, without an environmental impact assessment to ascertain the extent of impact these activities could bring to bear on the physical and living conditions of the host environment. This study was carried out to appraise the social and health impact that mining of limestone and production of cement has inflicted on the host communities. Descriptive statistics and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used to analyse the primary data obtained. A total of 218 responses from 3 sampled (2 host and 1 control) communities, in addition to hospital records from 3 primary health centres, confirm severe health-related impacts of limestone mining and cement production on human populations at the host communities. The study concludes that the environmental compliance status of Dangote Cement Plc, Yandev towards attaining sustainability for the host communities as spelt by the Agenda 21 (Chapter 10, Objectives a & c) is far from meeting the target requirement. The study recommends ameliorative measures including constant fumigation to control the proliferation of vector-based and zoonosis diseases; adoption of improved and cleaner production technologies, and relocation of communities away from the immediate vicinity of the factory.
Social and Health Impact, Limestone Mining and Cement Production, Rapid Social Appraisals, Sustainability
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Fanan Ujoh, Frederick Terkuma Ujoh, Appraisal of Social and Health Impact of a Cement Plant at Host Communities in Yandev, Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 275-283. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140204.15
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