Assessment of Quality of Life and Associated Factors among People with Epilepsy Attending at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 378-383
Received: Jul. 20, 2014; Accepted: Jul. 28, 2014; Published: Aug. 10, 2014
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Authors
Minale Tareke Tegegne, Department of Psychiatry, Dessie Referral Hospital, Dessie, Ethiopia
Niguse Yigzaw Muluneh, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Health science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Teketel Tegegne Wochamo, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Andargie Abate Awoke, College of Medicine and Health science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Tilahun Belete Mossie, Department of Psychiatry, Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Molla Ayele Yesigat, Department of Psychiatry, Federal Ministry Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: There is shortage of literature on the impact of epilepsy on quality of life (QoL). We conducted a study to assess the quality of life and associated factors among epileptic patients in Ethiopia. Method: An institution based cross -sectional study was conducted From April to May, 2013, among 423 samples of epileptic patients from outpatient department of Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital. Quality of life was assessed using world Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHO QOL BREF) scale; in addition, perceived stigma scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale were used for interviewing the study participants. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify factors associated with quality of life. Result: A total of 415 epileptic patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Out of which, 45.8% of the study participants had poor quality of life. Respondents who are unable to read and write, primary school, those who had frequent seizures, taking more than one type of antiepileptic drugs, anxiety, depression and perceived stigma, were found to be significantly associated with poor quality of life. Conclusion: Poor quality of life was found to be high among epilepsy patients. Managing patients with epilepsy to become seizure free, educating people regarding epilepsy and treatment of co-morbid disorders will help to improve quality of life in patients with epilepsy.
Keywords
Epilepsy, Quality of Life, Depression, Anxiety
To cite this article
Minale Tareke Tegegne, Niguse Yigzaw Muluneh, Teketel Tegegne Wochamo, Andargie Abate Awoke, Tilahun Belete Mossie, Molla Ayele Yesigat, Assessment of Quality of Life and Associated Factors among People with Epilepsy Attending at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 378-383. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140205.12
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