Factors Associated with Timely Initiation and Exclusive Breast Feeding among Mothers of Axum Town, Northern Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 394-401
Received: Jul. 9, 2014; Accepted: Jul. 15, 2014; Published: Aug. 20, 2014
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Mussie Alemayehu, Department of Public Health, Mekelle University College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Kidan Abreh, Department of Public Health, Mekelle University College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Henock Yebyo, Department of Public Health, Mekelle University College of Health Sciences, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Kahssay Zemichael, Axum District health office, Axum, Ethiopia
Hailay Gebremichael, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
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Background: Globally, there is a declining in the trend of breast feeding. Moreover, inappropriate practice of timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding affects negatively on child survival, growth and development. One in every 11 and 17 Ethiopian children dies before the first birthday and the fifth birthday, respectively. However, one of the priorities, in the Health Sector Development Plan (HSDP) IV is improving child health, with a goal to reduce the under-five mortality rate. This study aimed at assessing the proportion and factors associated with timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Axum town. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Axum Town from May 10-26, 2013 to collect data from 418 mothers having children less than one year old using a systematic random sampling. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed using SPSS 20 for windows to estimate indicators and effect sizes of the predictors on timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding. Results: The overall proportion of timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding was, 41.6 and 40.9%, respectively. Mothers with female child and those who didn’t give colostrums to their newborn within an hour after birth had a positive association with timely initiation of breastfeeding with AOR of 2.09 (95% CI: 1.37, 3.17) and AOR of 0.31 (95% CI: 0.20, 0.48). Moreover, mothers who didn’t give the colostrum to their newborn within an hour after birth were less likely to practice exclusive breastfeeding than their counterparts AOR of 0.13 (95% CI: 0.08, 0.21). Conclusion: The proportion of timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding was low. Giving colostrums could have an influence on timely initiation and exclusive breastfeeding. Besides, child sex could have an influence on timely initiation of breastfeeding.
Timely Initiation, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Axum, Tigray, Ethiopia
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Mussie Alemayehu, Kidan Abreh, Henock Yebyo, Kahssay Zemichael, Hailay Gebremichael, Factors Associated with Timely Initiation and Exclusive Breast Feeding among Mothers of Axum Town, Northern Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 394-401. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140205.14
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