Awareness and Attitude to Liberalized Safe Abortion Services among Female Students in University and Colleges of Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 440-446
Received: Aug. 10, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 25, 2014; Published: Sep. 10, 2014
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Authors
Worku Animaw, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University; Po, Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Binyam Bogale, College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University NechSar Campus Po, Box 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: Unsafe abortion is a significant cause of maternal mortality and morbidity globally. In 2005, the Ethiopian penal code was amended to permit abortion under specific circumstances to minimize the problem. However, its practice is hampered by lack of awareness of the revised criminal code and access to the service. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative study has been conducted to assess awareness and attitude of university and college female students’ to the law. A sample of 845 students from one university and three colleges of Arba Minch town were selected by multistage sampling method. Data entry, cleaning and coding were performed using SPSS version 16 and analyzed with the same soft ware. Associations between dependent and independent variables were tested using logistic regression. P-values > 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant in all cases. Result: Twenty three (43%) among 54 pregnancies were reported as ended with induced abortion. Ethiopia’s abortion law was expected to increase women’s access to safe abortion services but only 261 (32.1%) of college and university students of Arba Minch town were aware about this law after 6 years of liberalization. Better level of awareness had been recorded in health science students as compared with natural science students (OR (95% CI) = 2.8 (1.9, 4.2). Only 246 (30.3%) among all participants (813) were found to have positive attitude towards criteria set to induce abortion. This is roughly in line with health professionals’ attitude at the time safe abortion service was on the process of liberalization. Conclusion: Religion, college (specialty) and sexual experience of students found to be the factors affecting attitude. The knowledge gap may let the students continually suffer from unsafe abortion sequel; so stakeholders should work on awareness creation.
Keywords
Awareness, Attitude, Inducing Abortion Law, Ethiopia, Female Students
To cite this article
Worku Animaw, Binyam Bogale, Awareness and Attitude to Liberalized Safe Abortion Services among Female Students in University and Colleges of Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 440-446. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140205.20
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