Comprehensive Pregnancy Knowledge Level among Out-of-School Youths in Wayu Tuka District, Western Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages: 75-80
Received: Jan. 6, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 14, 2015;
Published: Jan. 28, 2015
Views 2566 Downloads 138
Gemechu Kejela, College of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Arba Minch University, Arbaminch, Ethiopia
Kababa Temesgen, College of Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Background: Although there is a high awareness about pregnancy prevention methods among youth, in Ethiopia, the problems are still rampant which indicates lack of comprehensive knowledge about pregnancy among youths. So, having indepth and comprehensive knowledge about pregnancy and associated factors has a paramount importance. Objectives: the main aim of this study is to assess comprehensive pregnancy knowledge level and associated factors among out of school youths in Wayu Tuka district of east Wollega zone. Methods: A quantitative community based cross-sectional study design was used. Data were collected using structured questionnaire from a total of 625 respondents selected systematically from 6 randomly selected kebeles of the district. Data was entered using EPI data version 3.02 and analysed by using SPSS version 16.0. To ascertain the association between dependent and independent variables, binary logistic regression was performed and variables with p-value of less than or equal to 0.3 at binary were entered into multivariable logistic regression analysis. Variables with p-value of <0.05 at multivariable regression were considered as statistically significant. Finally, the result was summarized using text and tables. Result: The proportion of comprehensive pregnancy knowledge in this study was12%. Comprehensive pregnancy knowledge was higher among those who live with their friends/partners (AOR[95%CI]= 3.1[1.445,6.658], who cited health professionals as major pregnancy related information source (AOR[95%CI]= 3[1.18, 4.608]) and who discuss about sexual matter with their parents or other family members(AOR[95%CI]= 2.58[1.46,4.54]). Conclusions and Recommendations: In this study, comprehensive pregnancy knowledge was low. So, appropriate information education and communication programs needs to be intensified for out-of-school youths in the study area.
Comprehensive Pregnancy Knowledge Level among Out-of-School Youths in Wayu Tuka District, Western Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2015, pp. 75-80.
WHO. Early marriages, adolescent and young pregnancies Report by the Secretariat Sixty-Fifth World Health Assembly A65/13 Provisional agenda item 2012, 13.4.
National Youth Reproductive Health Strategy (NYRHS). Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health 2006-2015.
UNESCO. World Conference on Higher Education: Paris, the New Dynamics of Higher Education and Research for Societal Change and Development 2009.
Omobuwa O., Asekun-Olarinmoye E. O. And Olajide F. O. Knowledge and perception of reproductive health services among in-school adolescents in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 2012, 3(7):481-488. Available online http://www.interesjournals.org/JMMS
Cherie A, Berhane Y. Knowledge of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Barriers to Seeking Health Services among High School Adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. J AIDS Clinic Res 2012, 3:153.
CSA- [Ethiopia] and ICF International. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ICF International 2012.
IPPF. Facts on American Teens’ Sexual and Reproductive Health. Guttmacher Institute 2013.
Shiferaw Y., Alemu A., Girma A., Getahun A., Kassa A., Gashaw A., Alemu A., Teklu T. And Gelaw B. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and risk behaviors towards HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmitted infection among preparatory students of Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:505
Awala E. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Service Utilization in Tigray, Ethiopia Relief Society of Tigray 2005.
Alemayehu S., Mesganaw F., Alemayehu W. Reproductive health needs of out-of-school adolescents: A cross-sectional comparative study of rural and urban areas in northwest Ethiopia, Ethiop .J. Health Dev 2006, 20(1)
Wayu tuka district Agriculture and rural development office report, 2006-2007.
Oljira L., Berhane Y., and Worku A. Assessment of comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge level among in-school adolescents in eastern Ethiopia. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2013, 16:17349
Agyemang S., Buor D. And Tagoe-Darko E. The extent of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people in the Ejura-Sekyedumase district of Ghana. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 2012, 4(11): 241-247.
Tesso W., Fantahun A. And Fikire E. Parent-young people communication about sexual and reproductive health in E/Wollega zone, West Ethiopia: Implications for interventions. Reproductive Health 2012, 9:13
Desalegn G., Mesganaw F. Assessing communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among high school students with their parents, Bullen Woreda, Benishangul Gumuz Region of North West Ethiopia. Ethiopian. J. Health Dev. 2010, 24(2)
Padam P. Simkhada, Edwin R. van Teijlingen, Dev Raj Acharya, Eva Schildbach, Pushkar Raj Silwal, Jamuna Shrestha, PushpaLataPandey. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents in Rural Nepal: Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior, Nepal Population Journal2012, 17(16)