Knowledge and Attitude About Diabetes Mellitus and Its Associated Factors Among People in DebreTabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 199-209
Received: Jan. 30, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 13, 2015;
Published: Feb. 16, 2015
Views 3275 Downloads 338
Achenef Asmamaw, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, PAN African University –University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Getahun Asres, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Digsu Negese, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Abel Fekadu, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Gizachew Assefa, Department of Reproductive Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Background: Diabetes mellitus is recognized as one of the emerging public health problems in developing countries. However, people’s knowledge and attitude about diabetes mellitus have not been efficiently investigated in Ethiopia. Objective: This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and attitude about diabetes mellitus and its associated factors among people in Debre Tabor town, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study design was conducted among people age 18 years and above in Debre Tabor town during June 10 to August 20, 2014. A total of 832 participants were selected by systematic random sampling technique .Data were collected using a pretested structured Interviewer administered questionnaire and Epi info version 3.5.1 for data entry and SPSS version 20 for analysis used. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used. Results: -Among 832 respondents, 408 (49%) participants had good knowledge and 329 (39.5%) participants had good attitude about diabetes mellitus. Educational status (Grade 1-8 AOR=2.6, 95% CI: 1.22-5.22, Grade 9-12 AOR=3.49, 95%CI: 1.68-7.22, and Certificate and above AOR=5.58;95%CI:2.73-11.44), family income per month (501-800Birr AOR=1.59,95%CI:1.07-2.40), 801-1450Birr AOR=1.61;95%CI:1.05-2.48, and ≥1451 Birr AOR=2.14; 95%CI:1.36-3.36) and family history of diabetes mellitus (AOR=3.89,95%CI :1.27-11.88) were significantly associated with good knowledge about diabetes mellitus. Educational status (Grade 1-8 AOR =2.53, 95 %CI: 1.24- 5.16, Grade 9-12 AOR=2.17, 95 % CI: 1.08-4.31 and Certificate and above AOR=3. 39, 95 % CI: 1.78-6.47) was significantly associated with good attitude towards diabetes mellitus. Conclusion and recommendation:-This study revealed a limited status in good knowledge and low in good attitude about Diabetes Mellitus. Comprehensive community based health education program about diabetes mellitus is necessary to improve this situation.
Knowledge and Attitude About Diabetes Mellitus and Its Associated Factors Among People in DebreTabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 199-209.
Eugene Braunwald, Kurt J. Isselbacher, Jean D Wilson. Harrison’s Principle of Internal medicine, Mcgraw-Hill, 14th Edition, 1998 ;2:2060-2080
WHO, Prevention of diabetes mellitus, Geneva ,199 ;844:5-18
Hall et.al. Diabetes in Sub-Sahara Africa 1999-2011:Epidemology and public health implication ,a systematic review , BMC public health, 2011;11(564):1-12
WHO, Definition, Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus and its complications. Report of a WHO Consultation (Part 1). Geneva ,1999;18:31-33
Motala AA,Omar MA, Pirie FJ. Diabetes in Africa, Diabetes micro vascular and macrovascular disease in Africa. J Car¬diovascular Risk. 2003;10(2):97–102
Gill GV, Mbanya JC, Tesfaye S, ASub-Sahara African prospective of diabetes, DIabtologia ,2009;52:8-16
Whiting DR, Guariguata L,Weil C, Shaw J: IDF diabetes atlas: Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2011 and 2030.Diabetes Res Clin Pract ,2011,94(3):311–321.
Abebe et.al. Diabetes mellitus in Northwest Ethiopia: A community based study , BMC Public Health 2014,14(97):1-8 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/14/97
Amudha K,knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among diabetic patient in Malaysia, International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal medicine and Public Health,2012; 4(5):723-732
Gunvanti B Rathod et.al.,Study of knowledge, Attitude and Practices of general population of Waghodia towards diabtes mellitus, IJCRR , 2014;(1):63-68
Moodley L, Rambiritch V, Assessment of the level of knowledge about Diabetes patients in primary health care setting, SA Fam Practicves,2007;49(10):16-21
Naheed G, Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus .J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad , 2010;22(3):128-131
Saadia Z Saadia Z, Rusdi S, Alsheha M, Saeed H, Rajab M: A study of knowledge, attitude and practices of Saudi women towards diabetes mellitus. A KAP STUDY IN AL- QASSIM REGION. The Internet Journal of Health 2011, 11:1-9
Viral N, Shah P, Assessing the knowledge ,attitude, and practices of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients of Saurashta Region ,Gujrat Int J Diabetes Dev 2009;29(3):118-122
Syed S.Habib ,Risk factors ,Knowledge and Health status in Diabetes patients ,Saudi Med J 2003; 24 (11):1219-1224
Mukhopadhyay, et.al, Perception and Practices of patients with type II diabetes mellitus, International Journal of Dev, 2010:30(3).
Osman S, Raheel Y, Tanya A, Investigating the awareness level about Diabetes Mellitus and associated factors in Tarlai (Rural Islamabad), JPMA, 2009;59(11):798-802
Mohammed A Al Shafaee et.al. Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population. BMC Public Health, 2008;8(24):1-8 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/8/249
Oklie V, knowledge of diabetes management and control by diabetes patients at federal medical center Nigeria, International journal of medicine and medical science, 2009:7(2)
William K. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices related to diabetes among community members in four provinces in Kenya: Pan African Medical Journal, 2010;7(2):1-10 http://www.panafrican-med journal.com/content/article/7/2/full.
Solomon A, Chalachew M, Hawult T. Assessment of the Level and Associated Factors with Knowledge and Practice of Diabetes Mellitus among Diabetic Patients Attending at Felege Hiwot Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Clinical Medicine Research.,2013:( 2):6;110-120
Alla MA: Diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa: Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa and Zambia. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries 2008, 28(4):101-108.
Naglaa MA ,Mohamed EM, Effectiveness of health education program for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending Zigzag University Dibatec clinic in Egypt ,Egypt Public Health Association , 2010:85 (3)
Khaldon K , Mohmmed H, Fares H, Diabetes knowledge among diabetes mellitus at king Hussien Hospital ,JRMS, 2012;19(1):72-77
Baradaran H, Knil JR, Assessing the knowledge ,Attitude and Understanding of type 2 diabets amongst ethnic group in Glasgow, Scotland pract Diab Int, 2004:21 (4):143-148
Maxwell O, Cletus N ,Diabetes self care knowledge among type 2 diabetes patients outpatient south Eastern Nigeria, Int j Drug Dev and Research ,2009; 1(1):85-104
Dinsh K, Knowledge , Attitude, practices about diabetes mellitus patient western Nepal Rawal Med J ,2008 :33(1):8-11
Farooq M Dien et.al., Awareness about diabtes risk factors and complications in diabetic patients, Nisthar Medical College, Multan, Nishtar Medical Journal ,2010;2(3):84-88
Gagliardino J, González C, Caporale J. The diabetes-related attitudes of health care professionals and persons with diabetes in Argentina. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2007; 22(5):304-321.
Catherine C et.al. Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Adults in the U.S Population, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2002 , Maryland .Diabetic care epidemiology research; 2006;29(6):1263-1268
Trisha G, Cecil H, Mu'min C. Health beliefs and folk models of diabetes in British Bangladeshis: a qualitative study. BMJ. 1998:28; 316(7136):978-83.
Maryam P, Ozra Tabatabaei-M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of physicians in the field of diabetes and its complications; Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Lipid Disorders; 2010; 9,1- 7
El-Deirawi KM, Zuraikat N. Registered nurses' actual and perceived knowledge of diabetes mellitus. Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, 2001; 17: 5-11.