Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Determinants of VCT Utilization for HIV/AIDS Among Ambo University Students, West Shoa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 259-264
Received: Feb. 10, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 1, 2015; Published: Mar. 10, 2015
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Authors
Getabalew Endazenaw Bekele, Ambo University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing & Midwifery, Ambo, Ethiopia
Ketema Kensa, Ambo University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing & Midwifery, Ambo, Ethiopia
Mitswat Abebe, Ambo University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing & Midwifery, Ambo, Ethiopia
Kokeb T/Mariam, Ambo University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing & Midwifery, Ambo, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Voluntary HIV counseling and Testing (VCT) is a process by which an individual undergoes counseling to enable informed about HIV status. The provision of voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) is an important part of any national prevention program. This study tried to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice determinants of voluntary counseling and testing utilization for HIV/AIDS of Ambo University students. Descriptive cross-sectional study design was implemented with multistage sampling apply in the study. There were 93.2 response rates in the study. Three hundred eight nine (51.9%) of the respondents have sexual experience, or ever had sexual intercourse; out of which 288 (38.4%) were males and the rest 101 (13.5%) were females. Among the total participants 504(67.2%) were used VCT services but 246(32.8%) were never used VCT service. Regarding the location of VCT service recommended, health facility, school and youth club were recommended by 337(49.7%), 310(41.3) and 219(29.2%) of the students respectively. There were different determinants those have statistical association with VCT service utilization include sex, batch, sexual exposure and knowledge of the students about VCT. Even though most of the students have adequate knowledge, attitude and practice still there is a gap in the participants KAP towards VCT utilization due to different determinants like sex, sexual exposure and their level of education (batch).
Keywords
Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice
To cite this article
Getabalew Endazenaw Bekele, Ketema Kensa, Mitswat Abebe, Kokeb T/Mariam, Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Determinants of VCT Utilization for HIV/AIDS Among Ambo University Students, West Shoa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 259-264. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150302.25
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