Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Emergency Contraceptive Methods Among Female Students in Seto Semero High School, Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 478-486
Received: Apr. 23, 2015;
Accepted: May 9, 2015;
Published: May 29, 2015
Views 5591 Downloads 257
Asmare Tesfa, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Asmamaw Demis Bizuneh, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Temamen Tesfaye, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Addis Adera Gebru, Department of Nursing, Faculty of health Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Ethiopia
Yonas Yimam Ayene, Department of Nursing, Faculty of health Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Ethiopia
Birhan Alemnew Tamene, Department of Nursing, Faculty of health Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Ethiopia
Background Despite the availability of highly effective methods of contraception, many pregnancies are unplanned and unwanted. These pregnancies carry a higher risk of morbidity and mortality, often due to unsafe abortion. Many of these unplanned pregnancies can be avoided using emergency contraception. Literature reveals that there is existence of knowledge, attitude and practice gaps on emergency contraception in the world including Ethiopia. Thus this study aimed to fill these gaps. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice towards emergency contraceptive methods among female students in Seto-Semero high school Jimma town, south west Ethiopia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 284 female students in Seto-Semera high school Jimma town, south-western, Ethiopia from April 08-11/2014. Study populations were selected from different educational levels (9th&10th) using stratified random sampling technique .Data were edited, tallied and analyzed manually by using scientific calculator and presented in texts, tables ,charts and graphs. Results: In this study, 284 female students were participated. Out of this majority of them 238(83.8%) were between the age of 14-17 years. One hundred thirty of them were Oromo Ethnic group. And two hundred seventy two of those unmarried. Only 115(40.5%) had heard about EC, 31(27.0%) of the respondents mentioned the correct recommended timing for oral pills of emergency contraception use. With regarding to attitudes 83(73.0%) of the respondents had positive attitude from the total heard of emergency contraception methods. Conclusion and Recommendations: knowledge of Emergency contraceptives is low, The major source of information were mass media TV/radio. The majority of students those heard of Emergency contraceptives were not know the correct time limit to Emergency Pills and Intrauterine Contraceptive Device .The absence of correct information about EC could be barrier from being utilization by individual who need Emergency contraceptives (ECs). The utilization of EC was very low this leads to higher chance of unintended. The study recommends that academic institution and should be work on the promotion and enhancement of health education about EC among students of high school.
Asmamaw Demis Bizuneh,
Addis Adera Gebru,
Yonas Yimam Ayene,
Birhan Alemnew Tamene,
Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Emergency Contraceptive Methods Among Female Students in Seto Semero High School, Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 478-486.
United States Agency International Development (USAID)/DELIVER (2011). Contraceptive Security Indicators, http://deliver.jsi.com/dhome/whatwedo/commsecurity/csmeasuring/csindicators)
Dray. S (2012). Unplanned pregnancy statistics. http://www.ehow.com/about 4611925 unplanned pregnancy-statistics. html. accessed on March 10, 2012
Mosher W. D. Jones J. (2012).Use of contraception in the United States: 1982-2008. National centre for health statistics. Vital health stat.23 (29). available at: http://www.cdc.gov/NCHS/datd/series/sr23/sr23-29.pdf.accessed 27 march 2012.
Palermo, T., Bleck, J., Westley ,E. (2014). Knowledge and use of Emergency contraception: A Multicounty Analysis. International Perspectives on sexual and reproductive Health. 40(2):79-94.
ESOG (2012). Emergency contraception, Guideline 2002, available at: http://www.esog.org. et. Accessed. On Oct 28, 2012.
Westley, E., Kapp, N., Palermo, T., Bleck, J. (2013). A review of global access to emergency contraception. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2013.04.019.
James, T.J, Raymond, E (2012) .Emergency contraception: A. Last chance to prevent unintended pregnancy: http://ec.Princeton. Edu Accessed on March 10.2012’
Myer, L., Mlobeli, R., Cooper, D., Smit, J., Morroni, C. (2007). Knowledge and use of emergency contraception among women in the Western Cape province of South Africa: a cross-sectional study. BMC Women's Health. 7:14:1-7. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/7/14
Warren, F. (2014).The council expanded access to emergency contraceptive (EC) in public-and private –sector facilities by training providers and creating awareness about its availability and correct use: Mainstreaming emergency contraception in Kenya. Population council. http://www.popcouncil.org/research/mainstreaming-emergency-contraception-in-kenya
Singh, S., Sedgh., G. Hussain., R. (2010). Unintended pregnancy: worldwide levels trends. And out comes, Stud Famplann. 41(4): 241-250.
Central Statistical Authority (CSA) and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Ethiopia, Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census, Population Census Commission (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: UNFPA, 2008
Mainstreaming Emergency contraception in Kenya. Final project Report 2009. http://www.psi.org/wp content/uploads/2014/10/Mainstreaming_Emergency_Contraception_Pills_in_Kenya.pdf
Facts on abortion in Africa. http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/IB AWW- Africa.pdf. Accessed on March 10, 2012
Facts on un intended pregnancy and abortion in Ethiopiahttp://www.ipas.org/publications/asset upload file440 5002.pdf.accessed on March 10.2012)
Gebremicheal, H., Haile, F., Dessie, A., Birhane, A., Alemeyehu, M., Yebyo, H(2014). Acceptance of long acting contraceptive methods and associated factors.Science Jouranl of Public health 294): 349-355. Http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/sjph.
Malalu,PK.,Alfred,K.,Too,R.,Chirchir,A.(2014). Determinants of use of modern family planning methods: A case of Baringo North District, Kenya. Science Journal of Public Health.295):424-430.doi.10.11648/j.sjph.20140205.18.http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/sjph.
Mir, A S., Malik ,R. (2010). Emergency contraceptive pills: Exploring the knowledge and attitudes of community health workers in a developing Muslim country. N Am J Med Sci. 2(8): 359–364. doi: 10.4297/najms.2010.2359
Tajure N., Pharm B. (2010). Knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraception among graduating female students of Jimma University, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 20(2): 91–97. PMid:22434966, PMCid:PMC3275837
Singh S, Darroch J. E., Ashford LS(2014). Adding It Up: The Costs and Benefits of Investing in Sexual and Reproductive Health 2014, New York: Guttmacher Institute, 2014. http://www.guttmacher.org/media/experts/Darroch.html
Magnus Hirschfield Archive for sexology worldwide statistic: http://www2huberlin.de/ECE2/html/world-wide statistics .html/accessed on March10, 2012.
Longwe, A., Huisman ,J.,Smits, J. (2012). Effects of knowledge, acceptance and use of contraceptives on household wealth in 26 African Countries. NICE Working Paper 12-109.Http://www.ru.nl/nice/workingpapaers.
Milikalew, D. et al (2009).Towards sexual transmitted disease in Boditi high school students, southern Ethiopia, May 2009.
Ipas (2012). Children, youth and unsafe abortion, 2007 available at at: http//www.iwhc/resources accessed on Oct, 2012.
James Trussell J, Raymond, E (2012).: Emergency contraception: A. Last chance to prevent unintended pregnancy: http://ec.Princeton.edu Accessed on March10.2012’
Wegene Tamire,W.,, Fikre Enqueselassie, F.(2007). Knowledge, attitude, and practice on emergency contraceptives among female university students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiop.J.Health Dev. 21;(2):111-116
Ambo F., Mossies’ A., Gobena T. (2010).Sexual practices and their development pattern among Jimma university students: Thiop J health sci. 20(3):1-5.
Pharm,B.. Tajure, N.(2010). Knoweldge, attitude, and practice of emergency Contraception among graduating female students of Jimma University, South West Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci.20(2):91-97.
Wegeene. T., Fikrie E. (2007). Assessments of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Emergency Contraceptives among female University students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Ethiopia. J health Dev 21(2)
Abera,H., Mokonnen,M., Jara,D.(2014). Knowledge, Attitude, Utilization of Emergency Contraceptive and Associated Factors among Female Students of Debre Markos Higher Institutions, Northwest Ethiopia, 2014.Fam Med Sci Res 2014, 3:4 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2327-4972.1000149
Gebreyohannes, E. (2009). Assessments of Knowledge, Attitude and practice on Emergency Contraceptives among University female undergraduate in Tigray Regional State. Mekele town, 2009 Bsc thesis-public.