Pictures Don’t Lie
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 487-499
Received: Apr. 22, 2015; Accepted: May 18, 2015; Published: May 29, 2015
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Authors
Norman Ishmael D., School of Public Health, (Hohoe campus) University of Health and Allied Sciences Ho, Volta Region, Ghana; Institute for Security, Disaster and Emergency Studies Sandpiper Place, Langma, Central Region, Ghana
Binka Fred Newton, University of Health and Allied Sciences Ho, Volta Region, Dept. of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Ghana
Norvivor Forgive Awo, School of Public Health, (Hohoe campus) University of Health and Allied Sciences Ho, Volta Region, Ghana, Dept. of Epidemiology and Disease Control
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Abstract
Ghana is confronted with persistent environmental challenges such as its inability to re-cycle its domestic and industrial waste. Ghana has no adequate waste treatment plant in any of its leading cities or towns and a general lack of best environmental practices, although there are currently plans to install state of the art waste management plant in the capital city. The Central Government does not adequately resource the municipal governments with the constitutionally allocable portions from the centrally planned budget to be able to provide services such as sanitation, refuse collection, road maintenance and related functions to improve the health of the environment and thus the communities. The public-private-partnership meant to supplement municipal environmental waste and sanitation management has been co-opted by central government operatives so much so that they appear as if they are inseparable and integral part of the municipal governments. Due to such close association and other systemic failures, the public-private-partnership in the industry is fraught with allegations of cronyism, renting seeking behaviors, and sweet-heart arrangements. As a result, the arrangements do not function efficiently or effectively, except in very limited city spaces in the central business districts and neighborhoods with large expatriate presences together with high ranking government functionaries. Generally, the public health of the population is compromised. The lack of good programs and operations in Ghana’s environmental practices has led to the outbreak of diseases such as malaria and cholera resulting in morbidity and mortality among the population on a yearly basis. Cholera, an internationally reported disease, is a significant killer in Ghana today. In many nations in the 21st Century, this disease does not even feature in the list of threats to the health of the public. Malaria continues to be a major public health saboteur disease. There appears to be official denial about the lack of real improvements towards the Millennium Development Goal 7. This paper attempts to provide photographic evidence about the situation on the ground in the capital city of Ghana, Accra; and to raise the alarm that the veracity of Ghana about its progress towards MDG 7 may be in serious doubt.
Keywords
Millennium Development Goal, Public-Private-Partnership, Sanitation, Refuse Collection, Environment
To cite this article
Norman Ishmael D., Binka Fred Newton, Norvivor Forgive Awo, Pictures Don’t Lie, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 487-499. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150304.16
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