Community Based Assessment of Reproductive Health and Related Problems of Communities at Quiha Town, Keble 02, Mekelle Zone, North Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 572-582
Received: May 16, 2015;
Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015;
Published: Jun. 14, 2015
Views 4639 Downloads 104
Addis Adera, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Woldegebriel Gebregziabher, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Science, Adigrat University, Tigray, Ethiopia
Fitwi Tinsae, Department of Nursing, Dr.Tewelde Legesse Health Science College, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Rahewa Gebregziabher, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Rosa Gebrekidan, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Ruta Solomon, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Sara Abrha, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Seida Ashmael, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Serke Reta, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Senait Gebregziabher, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Senait kassie, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Tedros Fissehaye, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Tigist Shimel, Department of Nursing, Sheba University, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia
Background: Pregnancy at age interval of 15-19 years old and some of the community exercise <15 years old have shortage of health education for them about the harmfulness of the early marriage in a community Because reproductive health is such an important component of general health it is a prerequisite for social, economic and human Development. Most women have accepted traditional practice without any question, especially on subjecting themselves and their daughters to genital mutilation, early marriage, milk teeth extraction and domestic abuse with increased government efforts to expand family services. Hence, it is important to understand the exposure of communities to sexual and reproductive health knowledge attitude, and skill at different kebeles including each household. Objectives: The main objective of this study is to assess the major reproductive health status and communities problem in study area. Method: A cross sectional survey using self-administrated questionnaire was conducted in Keble, 02 Quha town, Mekelle zone from June, 2010 up to July, 2010. Data was collected by protested questionnaire though interview. After coding and cleaning, data was entered and analyzed using tally sheet and scientific calculator. The analyzed data was presented using tables, graphs and Charts. Result:- A total of 360 respondents on the study; the majority (47.5%) being in the age of 31-45 , and 108(30%) were male and 252 (70%) were female . of the total 75(20.8%) male were married but 110 (30%) female were divorced by marital status. out of the total 93 (37.6 %) respondents had knowledge on family planning, but also 79(81.4%) were use inject able method currently. Regarding using latrine among the communities, the majority of 126 (34%) participants were use pit latrine In addition 255 (77%) participants were utilized tape water and 126(66.83%) had also economical problem.
Community Based Assessment of Reproductive Health and Related Problems of Communities at Quiha Town, Keble 02, Mekelle Zone, North Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 572-582.
Hall KS, Moreau C, Trussell J (2012). "Determinants of and Disparities In Reproductive Health Service Use Among Adolescent And Young Adult Women In The United States, 2002-2008". American Journal of Public Health 102 (2): 359–367 – via Academic Search Premier.
World Health Organization (2008). Reproductive health. Retrieved by http://www.who.int/topics/reproductive_health/en/on 2008-08-19.
Best Start Resource Centre and Motherisk (2008). Screening for alcohol use in pregnancy, physician’s desk reference. Toronto (ON): 2008. Retrieved Jun 20, 2009. Available from: www.beststart.org/resources/alc_reduction/index.html
Synthesis on parenting skills. In: Tremblay RE, deV Peters R, Boivin M, Barr RG, editors. The Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development. Published online Mar 26 2007. [Updated Nov 26, 2008]. Retrieved Jun 20, 2009.
Best Start Resource Centre. Preconception health: public health initiatives in Ontario. Toronto (ON): 2009. Retrieved Jun 20, 2009. Available from: www. Best start. Org/resources/ preconception /index.html
Nicole Cheetham, N (2002). Community participation: What is it?.Transitions: Community Participation 14 (3): http://www.advocatesforyouth.org/component/content/683?task=view
Haub C and Sharma OP, India's population reality: reconciling change and tradition, Population Bulletin, 2006, Vol. 61, No. 3.
IIPS, 2005–2006 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3): National Fact Sheet, India (Provisional Data), Mumbai: IIPS, 2007.
Daniel, EE.,Rekha Masilamani ,R., Rahman,M (2008). The Effect of Community-Based Reproductive Health Communication Interventions on Contraceptive Use Among Young Married Couples in Bihar, India. International Family Planning Perspectives 34(4): 189–197
Live births by age of mother and sex of child, general and age-specific fertility rates: latest available year, 2000–2009 — United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics
De Francisco, A., Dixon-Mueller, R., D’Arcangues, C (2008).Research Issues in Sexual and Reproductive Health for Low- and Middle-Income Countries (Geneva: Global Forum for Health Research and World Health Organization, 2007).
Mabry, R., Al-Riyami, A., Morsi, M (2007). “The Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Reproductive Morbidities among Women in Oman,” Studies in Family Planning38, no.2 (2007): 121-28.
Kabakian-Khasholian, T et al(2007). “The Policy Environment Surrounding Caesarean Section in Lebanon, “Health Policy 83(1): 37-49.
Family Planning Manual for health workers (MOH, FGAE) 1996.
Health and health related Indicators, FMOH 1998(2005/06 GC)
Tadesse, K., Haile, A., Tezera, M., Tewele, A (2014).Access to Institutional Delivery of Mothers in Adigrat Town, Northern Ethiopia. American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 87-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20140305.15
Written document done in Jimma University CBTP programmed in 2007.
Nursing community Based Training Program house hold survey in Sheba University college July, 2009.GC
Curriculum development of Zonal Mekelle
Assessment of Knowledge, attitude and Practice on family planning among reproductive age (15-49) group females in WoredaSaisietsaedaemba, Frewyni town, Easter Tigray Research conducted by Mekelle University health officers on November 2007
Maritine Collumbiaen, BrajDasoona, M-R Campbell, India 2001, why are condoms used, and how many are needed? Estimates from India (Orissa).
Malalu,PK.,Alfred,K.,Too,R.,Chirchir,A(2014). Determinants of Use of Modern Family Planning Methods: A Case of Baringo North District, Kenya. Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 424-430. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140205.18
Negashi, Y., Gebre., Benti, D Gambella 2000, Community based study on KAP on HIV/AIDS in Gambella town, western Ethiopia.