Prevalence of Tobacco Consumption, Alcohol, Khat (Catha Edulis) Use and High Blood Pressure among Adults In Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 650-654
Received: Jun. 23, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 7, 2015; Published: Jul. 17, 2015
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Sisay Bissa Jima, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Arsi University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Assella Town, Southeast Ethiopia
Tomas Benti Tefera, Department of Nursing, Madawalabu University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bale-Goba, Southeast Ethiopia
Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Department of Nursing, Madawalabu University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bale-Goba, Southeast Ethiopia
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Introduction Use of substances such as alcohol, khat leaves (Catha edulis) and tobacco has become one of the rising major public health and socio-economic problems worldwide. Recent trends indicate that the use of substances have dramatically increased particularly in developing countries. The prevalence of CVDs and other chronic diseases is growing more rapidly in developing countries. Hypertension is a growing public health problem and about 19.1%of adults had Hypertension. Methods A community based cross-sectional descriptive study design was employed. A semi structured questionnaire was used to assess association of tobacco, alcohol and Khat (Catha edulis) use with high blood pressure among adults in jimma town, south west Ethiopia. Prevalence of cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, and khat (Catha edulis ) chewing was determined. Blood pressure was measured three times for each individuals using OmronHEM-711DLX Automatic Blood pressure monitor and the average was used to categorize the subjects into hypertensive and non hypertensive. Results Prevalence of Tobacco uses, drinking alcohol, and chewing khat were, 150(35.5%), 202(50%), 289(68.5%) respectively. The Prevalence of high blood pressure was 79 (18.7%). Tobacco consumption, alcohol drinking, age group of 50-59 and sex were significantly associated with high blood pressure among adults of the town. Conclusion The magnitude of risk factors for hypertension is considerably high in the study population. Roughly one five adults in this study area had high blood pressure. Cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, chewing khat was associated with high blood pressure. These findings are crucial for evidence based decision making. It will help policy makers for planning of preventive and control measures of these modifiable risk factors. This study will also give baseline information that will enable researchers to conduct longitudinal studies.
Substance Use, High Blood Pressure, Tobacco Use, Khat Use, Tobacco Smoking, Alcohol
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Sisay Bissa Jima, Tomas Benti Tefera, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Prevalence of Tobacco Consumption, Alcohol, Khat (Catha Edulis) Use and High Blood Pressure among Adults In Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 650-654. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20150305.19
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