Current Status and Perception of Acne Among Chinese Adolescents: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 836-841
Received: Oct. 2, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 15, 2015;
Published: Oct. 28, 2015
Views 3668 Downloads 54
Jian Chun Hao, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Yan Yu, Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Shao Wei Cheng, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Di Hui Lai, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Yu Fu, Department of Dermatology, Beijing Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China
Background: Acne is a common disease in adolescents, which may result in physical and psychological damage. Objective: This study was carried out to assess the current status and perceptions of adolescents toward acne in Beijing, China. Methods: A total of 858 students aged 12–18 years were asked to complete a self- administered questionnaire to determine their perception of acne prevalence, treatment, and satisfaction of treatment. Results: The prevalence of acne in the sample was 54.7%. Adolescents obtained acne knowledge primarily from their parents (26.5%). 56.9% of adolescents were aware of acne; senior high school students were more aware of acne than junior high school students (p < 0.05). Only 35.2% of adolescents thought that they should go to the hospital for the treatment of acne; 16.8% actually did so, and 46.1% opted for no treatment. Junior high school students ignored treatment more often than did senior high school students (p < 0.05). Only 16.7% of students considered treatment to be effective. Conclusions: High acne prevalence existed in Chinese adolescents, but the number treated and efficacy of treatment were not satisfactory, which may be related to the poor perception of acne among this group.
Jian Chun Hao,
Shao Wei Cheng,
Di Hui Lai,
Current Status and Perception of Acne Among Chinese Adolescents: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study, Science Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 836-841.
Wang P1, Wang H, Ding H, et al. Risk factors, psychological impacts and current treatments of acne in Shanghai area of China. J Dermatolog Treat 2015; 21:1-2.
Dalgard F, Gieler U, Holm J, et al. Self-esteem and body satisfaction among late adolescentswith acne: results from a population survey. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008; 59:746-51.
Kubota Y, Shirahige Y, Nakai K, et al. Community-based epidemiological studyof psychosocial effects of acne in Japanese adolescents. J Dermatol 2010; 37:617-22.
Pruthi GK, Babu N. Physical and psychosocial impact of acne in adult females. Indian J Dermathol 2012; 57:26-9.
Uslu G, Sendur N, Uslu M, et al. Acne: prevalence, perceptions and effects on psychological health among adolescents in Aydin, Turkey. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2008; 22:462-9.
Do JE, Cho S-M, In S-I, er al. Psychosocial aspects of acne vulgaris: a community-based study with Korean adolescents. Annals of Dermatology 2009; 21:125-9.
Gieler U, Gieler T, Kupfer JP. Acne and quality of life - impact and anagement. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2015; 29 Suppl 4:12-4.
Ghodsi SZ, Orawa H, Zouboulis CC. Prevalence, severity, and severity risk factors of acne in high school pupils: a community-based study. J Invest Dermatol 2009; 129:2136-41.
Collier CN, Harper JC, Cantrell WC, et al. The prevalence of acne in adults 20 years and older. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008; 58:56-9.
Kokandi A. Evaluation of acne quality of life and clinical severity inacne female adults. Dermatol Res Pract 2010; 2010. pii: 410809. doi: 10.1155/2010/410809. Epub 2010 Jul 27.
Shaw L, Kennedy C. The treatment of acne. Paediatr Child Health 2007; 17:385-9.
Jung JY, Yoon MY, Min SU, et al. The influence of dietary patterns on acne vulgaris in Koreans. Eur J Dermatol 2010; 20:768-72.
Tasoula E, Gregoriou S, Chalikias J, et al. The impact of acne vulgaris on quality of life and psychic health in young adolescents in Greece. Results of a population survey. An Bras Dermatol 2012; 87:862-9.
Safizadeh H, Shamsi-Meymandy S, Naeimi A. Quality of life in Iranian patients with acne. Dermatol Res Pract 2012; 2012:571516. doi: 10.1155/2012/571516. Epub 2012 Feb 15.
Dréno B, Thiboutot D, Gollnick H, et al. Large-scale worldwide observational study of adherencewith acne therapy. Int J Dermatol 2010; 49:448-56.
Tan JK, Vasey K, Fung KY. Beliefs and perceptions of patients with acne. J Am Acad Dermatol 2001; 44:439-45.
Tan HH, Tan AW, Barkham T, et al. Community-based study of acne vulgaris in adolescents in Singapore. Br J Dermatol 2007; 157:547-51.
Yahya H. Acne vulgaris in Nigerian adolescents--prevalence, severity, beliefs, perceptions, and practices. Int J Dermatol 2009; 48:498-505.
Shen Y, Wang T, Zhou C, et al. Prevalence of Acne Vulgaris in Chinese Adolescents and Adults:A Community-based Study of 17,345 Subjects in Six Cities. Acta Derm Venereol 2012; 92: 40-44
Law MP, Chuh AA, Lee A, Molinari N. Acne prevalenceand beyond: acne disability and its predictive factors among Chinese late adolescents in Hong Kong. Clin Exp Dermatol 2010; 35:16–21.
Corey KC, Cheng CE, Irwin B, et al. Self-reported help-seeking behaviors and treatment choices of adolescents regarding acne. Pediatr Dermatol 2013; 30:36-41.
Al Robaee AA. Prevalence, knowledge, beliefs and psychosocialimpact of acne in University students in central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2005; 26:1958-61.
Darwish MA, Al-Rubaya AA. Knowledge, Beliefs, and Psychosocial Effect of Acne Vulgaris among Saudi Acne Patients. ISRN Dermatol 2013 Dec29; 2013:929340. doi: 10.1155/2013/929340. eCollection 2013.
Poli F, Auffret N, Beylot C, et al. Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals. Acta Derm Venereol 2011; 91:531-6.
Buller DB, Buller MK, Beach B, Ertl G. Sunny days, healthy ways:evaluation of a skin cancer prevention curriculum for elementary school-aged children. J Am Acad Dermatol 1996; 35:911-22.
Cheng S, Guan X, CaoM, et al. Randomized trial of the impact of a sun safety program on volunteers inoutdoor venues. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2011; 27:75-80.
Tallab TM. Beliefs, perceptions and psychological impact of acne vulgaris among patients in the Assir region of Saudi Arabia. West Afr J Med 2004; 23:85-7.
Suh DH, Shin JW, Min SU et al. Treatment-seeking behaviors and related epidemiological features in Korean acne patients. J Korean Med Sci 2008; 23:969-74.