A Critical Look at 2015 Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance Core Indicators of Bauchi State, Nigeria
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 326-329
Received: May 8, 2016; Accepted: May 17, 2016; Published: Jul. 4, 2016
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Authors
Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Rui Gama Vaz, WR/NIE, World Health Organization, Abuja, Nigeria
Fiona Braka, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Abuja, Nigeria
Khaled Abdelrahim, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Adamu Ibrahim Ningi, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
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Abstract
Background: Poliomyelitis, a disease that predominantly affects children under the age of five years, is a highly infectious viral disease transmitted through the faeco-oral route. The disease could result in irreversible paralysis in 1:200 infections and has a case fatality rate of 5-10% especially when the respiratory muscles become immobilized. The Global Polio Eradication Initiatives (GPEI) is a partnership between international organizations and governments of countries and other stakeholders aimed at polio eradication across the globe through the use of strategies such as improved AFP surveillance, strengthening routine immunizations, and supplemental immunization activities. Importantly, the use of polio vaccine in multiple times on a child confers lifelong immunity against the disease. Study Design: Retrospective study Methods: Quantitative cross-sectional study of AFP cases reported across the 20 local government areas (LGA) of Bauchi State, northeastern Nigeria. The data was collected between 1st January 2015 and 31st December 2015. Results: Although all the 20(100%) LGAs met the non-polio AFP rate (NPAFP) of reporting at least 1 case per annum and stool adequacy, only 10(50%) LGAs met the minimum accepted NPENT rate of 10% with the remaining 10(50%) LGAs falling short of the minimum acceptable rate. Thus, the cumulative NPENT rate for Bauchi State stood at 10.3%. Conclusion: The 2015 AFP surveillance results from Bauchi State clearly support the remarkable progress made by Nigeria. However, there is need for future studies to establish reasons behind the remaining 10 (50%) of the LGAs in Bauchi failing short of meeting the minimum NPENT rate of 10.
Keywords
Acute Flaccid Paralysis, Surveillance, Non-polio Enterovirus, Non-polio-AFP Rate, Eradication, Poliomyelitis, Stool Adequacy
To cite this article
Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rui Gama Vaz, Fiona Braka, Khaled Abdelrahim, Adamu Ibrahim Ningi, A Critical Look at 2015 Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance Core Indicators of Bauchi State, Nigeria, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 326-329. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.19
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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