Factors Behind Low NPENT Rate in Bauchi State in 2015
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 342-345
Received: Jun. 5, 2016; Accepted: Jun. 13, 2016; Published: Jul. 4, 2016
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Authors
Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Rui Gama Vaz, WR/NIE, World Health Organization, Abuja, Nigeria
Fiona Braka, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Abuja, Nigeria
Khaled Abdelrahim, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Adamu Ibrahim Ningi, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Isa Mohammed Bello, EPI-IVE, World Health Organization, Bauchi Zonal Office, Bauchi State, Nigeria
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Abstract
The need for a country or region to achieve certification as polio-free requires spending at least 3 consecutive years without a reported case of polio. Meeting the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) core surveillance indicators forms an important requirement during the stipulated period towards achieving certification. In addition to meeting the AFP core indicators, non-polio enteroviruses (NPENT) rate is key in evaluating whether the reported AFP meets the minimum required to be tag as true AFP. This cross-sectional quantitative study distributed questionnaires to 20 disease surveillance and notification officers (DSNOs) on the AFP surveillance network of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The responses were collated and analyzed accordingly. The result shows that although 20 (100%) DSNOs/assistant DSNOs were involved in the process of stool collection only 12 (60%) participated in the process for all cases reported in their respective LGAs in 2015. Additionally, while 9 (45%) of the respondents admit that specimen are batched in Bauchi prior transporting to Gombe, 18 (90%) of the responses shows that specimen are batched in Gombe for onward delivery to the national polio laboratory in Ibadan. Thus, the low NPENT rate (10.3%) recorded in Bauchi in 2015 could be attributed to factors that include batching of specimens before the final analysis in national polio laboratory, failure of DSNOs/assistant DSNOs to fully participate in the process of stool collection of reported AFP cases. Thus, there is need to avoid batching of stool specimen at all levels to avoid compromising outcome of the final analysis.
Keywords
Acute Flaccid Paralysis, AFP Core Indicators, Batching of Specimen, Non-polio Enteroviruses, Non-polio AFP Rate, Reverse Cold Chain
To cite this article
Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rui Gama Vaz, Fiona Braka, Khaled Abdelrahim, Adamu Ibrahim Ningi, Isa Mohammed Bello, Factors Behind Low NPENT Rate in Bauchi State in 2015, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 342-345. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.21
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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