The Effect of the Distance Between Dental Structures and Localities on Preventing Periodontal Diseases in Senegalese Rural Population
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 381-386
Received: Jul. 22, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 30, 2016; Published: Aug. 17, 2016
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Authors
Faye Daouda, Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medecine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal
Kanouté Aïda, Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medecine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal
Diop Mbathio, Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medecine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal
Lo Cheikh Mbacké, Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medecine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal
Diouf Massamba, Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medecine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal
Cisse Daouda, Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medecine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the distance between dental structures and localities on the access of preventive measures and periodontal diseases prevalence, by conducting a descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical survey on 2,254 people living in rural areas. Epi Info version 3.4 software allowed us to make a census of the data. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with dependant variables. Word, Excel, SPSS software were used for data analysis and table presentations. The study showed that dental services are located more than 50 kilometers from the homes of at least 52% of the population; care is expensive for more than 75% of the population; fluoride toothpaste, which is inaccessible and unavailable (52,8%), is often replaced by the chew stick (92%) and 53.6% more than twice daily. In addition to the inaccessibility of toothpaste in rural areas, more than half of the population (52.8%) does not brush their teeth. This may be a major cause of the high prevalence of oral disease found in this study. The frequency of oral diseases is high (96,5%), half of the population (49.6%) had deep periodontal pockets, however 12.8% had tartar and 2.4% bleeding gums. This table shows that it is important not only to facilitate access to dental facilities but also to develop information, education and communication (IEC) strategies. An oral health policy focused on rural areas is necessary with the integration of indicators such as the availability and accessibility of fluoride toothpaste, the creation of a minimum service package in rural areas.
Keywords
Distance Dental Structures and Localities, Preventive, Periodontal Diseases, Rural Population
To cite this article
Faye Daouda, Kanouté Aïda, Diop Mbathio, Lo Cheikh Mbacké, Diouf Massamba, Cisse Daouda, The Effect of the Distance Between Dental Structures and Localities on Preventing Periodontal Diseases in Senegalese Rural Population, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 381-386. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160405.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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