Assessment of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Status of Households in Welenchiti Town, Boset Woreda, East Shoa Zone, Ethiopia
Science Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 435-439
Received: Aug. 30, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 8, 2016; Published: Sep. 29, 2016
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Authors
Worku Dugassa Girsha, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Abebe Megerso Adlo, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
Desalegn Ararso Garoma, Technology Transfer and Research Translation Directorate-Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Sultan Kalu Beggi, Department of Public Health, Adama Hospital Medical College, Adama, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Ethiopia has made tremendous progress toward universal water, sanitation and hygiene access in the past decade, but still significant challenges remains unaddressed which varies from place to place. This study aimed to assess the status of Water supply, sanitation and hygiene of households in the town. A cross sectional study was conducted. The study subjects were randomly selected 423 households by systematic random sampling. Data were collected through interview and observation checklist. Concerning average consumption of water by households, majority 312 (74.00%) of them got less than 20 liters per capita per day. The study also revealed that, only 126 (33.60%) respondents washed their hands after defecation with soap and water. Majority of households, 294 (69.70%) disposed their solid wastes in open dump outside the yard. Those households who got water supply less than 20 liters per person per day (AOR=2.51, 95% CI=1.07-5.87, P=0.03), no hand washing practices after defecation (AOR=2.60, 95% CI=1.10-6.14, P=0.03) were more likely to have diarrhea in last two weeks. Based on the key indicators addressed in this study, access to water, sanitation and hygiene is lower than that of required standard. Health-workers and local authorities must pay special emphasis to improve these conditions.
Keywords
Water, Sanitation, Households, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Worku Dugassa Girsha, Abebe Megerso Adlo, Desalegn Ararso Garoma, Sultan Kalu Beggi, Assessment of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Status of Households in Welenchiti Town, Boset Woreda, East Shoa Zone, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 435-439. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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